Spring SpEL - Array


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SpEL expression supports accessing arrays and using their indexes of an array of an object.

  • We can access nested arrays as well within an SpEL expression.

Following example shows the various use cases.

Example

Let's update the project created in Spring SpEL - Create Project chapter. We're adding/updating following files −

  • Employee.java − Employee class.

  • Dept.java − Department class.

  • MainApp.java − Main application to run and test.

Here is the content of Employee.java file −

package com.tutorialspoint;

public class Employee {
   private String[] awards;
   public String[] getAwards() {
      return awards;
   }
   public void setAwards(String[] awards) {
      this.awards = awards;
   }
}

Here is the content of Dept.java file −

package com.tutorialspoint;

public class Dept {
   private Employee[] employees;
   public Employee[] getEmployees() {
      return employees;
   }
   public void setEmployees(Employee[] employees) {
      this.employees = employees;
   }
}

Here is the content of MainApp.java file −

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.text.ParseException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import org.springframework.expression.EvaluationContext;
import org.springframework.expression.ExpressionParser;
import org.springframework.expression.spel.standard.SpelExpressionParser;
import org.springframework.expression.spel.support.StandardEvaluationContext;

public class MainApp {
   public static void main(String[] args) throws ParseException {
      ExpressionParser parser = new SpelExpressionParser();
      Employee employee = new Employee();
      String[] awards = {"Star of the Month", "Champion", "Accelerator"};
      employee.setAwards(awards);

      Employee[] employees = { employee };
      Dept dept = new Dept();
      dept.setEmployees(employees);
      EvaluationContext employeeContext = new StandardEvaluationContext(employee);

      // evaluates to "Accelerator"
      String award = parser.parseExpression("awards[2]").getValue(employeeContext, String.class);
      System.out.println(award);
      EvaluationContext deptContext = new StandardEvaluationContext(dept);

      // evaluates to "Champion"
      award = parser.parseExpression("employees[0].awards[1]").getValue(deptContext, String.class);
      System.out.println(award);
   }
}

Output

Accelerator
Champion
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