Spring Boot JPA - Custom Query


Advertisements

Some time case arises, where we need a custom query to fulfil one test case. We can use @Query annotation to specify a query within a repository. Following is an example. In this example, we are using JPQL, Java Persistence Query Language.

We've added name query custom methods in Repository in JPA Named Query chapter. Now let's add another method using @Query and test it.

Repository - EmployeeRepository.java

Add a method to get list of employees order by their names.

package com.tutorialspoint.repository;

import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.Query;
import org.springframework.data.repository.CrudRepository;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;
import com.tutorialspoint.entity.Employee;

@Repository
public interface EmployeeRepository extends CrudRepository<Employee, Integer>  {
   public List<Employee> findByName(String name);	
   public List<Employee> findByAge(int age);
   public Employee findByEmail(String email);
   
   @Query(value = "SELECT e FROM Employee e ORDER BY name")
   public List<Employee> findAllSortedByName();
}

Let's test the methods added by adding their test cases in test file. Last two methods of below file tests the custom query method added.

Following is the complete code of EmployeeRepositoryTest.

package com.tutorialspoint.repository;

import static org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertEquals;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import javax.transaction.Transactional;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.extension.ExtendWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit.jupiter.SpringExtension;
import com.tutorialspoint.entity.Employee;
import com.tutorialspoint.sprintbooth2.SprintBootH2Application;

@ExtendWith(SpringExtension.class)
@Transactional
@SpringBootTest(classes = SprintBootH2Application.class)
public class EmployeeRepositoryTest {
   @Autowired
   private EmployeeRepository employeeRepository;
   @Test
   public void testFindById() {
      Employee employee = getEmployee();	     
      employeeRepository.save(employee);
      Employee result = employeeRepository.findById(employee.getId()).get();
      assertEquals(employee.getId(), result.getId());	     
   }
   @Test
   public void testFindAll() {
      Employee employee = getEmployee();
      employeeRepository.save(employee);
      List<Employee> result = new ArrayList<>();
      employeeRepository.findAll().forEach(e -> result.add(e));
      assertEquals(result.size(), 1);	     
   }
   @Test
   public void testSave() {
      Employee employee = getEmployee();
      employeeRepository.save(employee);
      Employee found = employeeRepository.findById(employee.getId()).get();
      assertEquals(employee.getId(), found.getId());	     
   }
   @Test
   public void testDeleteById() {
      Employee employee = getEmployee();
      employeeRepository.save(employee);
      employeeRepository.deleteById(employee.getId());
      List<Employee> result = new ArrayList<>();
      employeeRepository.findAll().forEach(e -> result.add(e));
      assertEquals(result.size(), 0);
   }
   private Employee getEmployee() {
      Employee employee = new Employee();
      employee.setId(1);
      employee.setName("Mahesh");
      employee.setAge(30);
      employee.setEmail("mahesh@test.com");
      return employee;
   }
   @Test
   public void testFindByName() {
      Employee employee = getEmployee();
      employeeRepository.save(employee);
      List<Employee> result = new ArrayList<>();
      employeeRepository.findByName(employee.getName()).forEach(e -> result.add(e));
      assertEquals(result.size(), 1);	     
   }
   @Test
   public void testFindByAge() {
      Employee employee = getEmployee();
      employeeRepository.save(employee);
      List<Employee> result = new ArrayList<>();
      employeeRepository.findByAge(employee.getAge()).forEach(e -> result.add(e));
      assertEquals(result.size(), 1);	     
   }
   @Test
   public void testFindByEmail() {	     
      Employee employee = getEmployee();
      employeeRepository.save(employee);
      Employee result = employeeRepository.findByEmail(employee.getEmail());	     
      assertNotNull(result);	     
   }
   @Test
   public void testFindAllSortedByName() {
      Employee employee = getEmployee();
      Employee employee1 = new Employee();
      employee1.setId(2);
      employee1.setName("Aarav");
      employee1.setAge(20);
      employee1.setEmail("aarav@test.com");
      employeeRepository.save(employee);	     
      employeeRepository.save(employee1);
      List<Employee> result = employeeRepository.findAllSortedByName();
      assertEquals(employee1.getName(), result.get(0).getName());	     
   }
}

Run the test cases

Right Click on the file in eclipse and select Run a JUnit Test and verify the result.

Repository Test Custom Query method
Advertisements