Sencha Touch - Upload & Download


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Sencha Touch provides XHR2 configuration to work with Ajax and Ajax2 development.

XHR2 is xmlHttpRequest level 2, which used to request data from the server. For any web application, data resides at the server and once the page is loaded, the data should be accessed from the server with the help of Ajax requests.

XHR2 in Sencha Touch provides the progress bar feature, which shows the user the amount of data transferred for a particular request. XHR2 is newly added so we need to check if the browser supports it or not.

Following is the function to check whether the browser supports XHR2 −

if (Ext.feature.has.XHR2) {
   // Here we can write functionality to work if browser supports XHR2 
}  

We can even check if the progressive upload with XHR2 is supported by the browser or not.

if (Ext.feature.has.XHRUploadProgress) {
   // Here we can write functionality to work if browser supports progressive uploads
}

Various new XHR2 features are included in Sencha Touch.

Sr.No Features & Description
1

XHR2: true

This is used to enable and disable XHR2 functionality in the application.

2

Ext.field.File

New file field is added to give more cality about the type of field.

3

Ext.field.FileInput

This to provide FileInput.

4

Ext.progressIndicator

This is to provide exact percentage of data transferred in terms of progress bar.

5

xtype: fileinput

To create instance of fileInput class.

6

xtype: filefield

To create instance of file class.

7

responseType : value

This parameter allows various types of responses as text, document, blob etc.

Following are the examples to send simple ajax request with and without parameter and uploading files using ajax.

Simple Ajax request without parameters - Success

Live Demo
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <link href = "https://cdn.sencha.com/touch/sencha-touch-2.4.2/resources/css/sencha-touch.css" rel = "stylesheet" />
      <script type = "text/javascript" src = "https://cdn.sencha.com/touch/sencha-touch-2.4.2/sencha-touch-all.js"></script>
      <script type = "text/javascript">
         Ext.setup({
            requires: [ 'Ext.Panel', 'Ext.Button', 'Ext.form.Panel'], onReady: function() {
               var request = {
                  url: 'https://www.tutorialspoint.com/sencha_touch/index.htm',
                  method: 'POST',
                  xhr2: true,
                  success: function(response) {
                     Ext.Msg.alert('Ajax call successful');
                  },
                  failure: function(response) {
                     Ext.Msg.alert('Ajax call failed');
                  }
               };
               Ext.Viewport.add({
                  xtype:"panel",
                  layout:"vbox",
                  fullscreen:true,
                  items: [
                     {
                        xtype:"button",
                        text: "Ajax",
                        ui: 'confirm',
                        handler: function(){
                           Ext.Ajax.request(request);
                        }
                     }
                  ]
               });
            }
         });
      </script>
   </head>
   <body>
   </body>
</html>

It will produce the following result −

The above example shows the success ajax call as the URL mentioned is correct. In this example, we are not passing any parameter, it’s just a simple ajax request which hits the URL mentioned.

If you are using the chrome browser in the developer tool, navigate to the network section, you can see the request which is being sent and the response which we get.

Simple Ajax request without parameters - Failure

Live Demo
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <link href = "https://cdn.sencha.com/touch/sencha-touch-2.4.2/resources/css/sencha-touch.css" rel = "stylesheet" />
      <script type = "text/javascript" src = "https://cdn.sencha.com/touch/sencha-touch-2.4.2/sencha-touch-all.js"></script>
      <script type = "text/javascript">
         Ext.setup({
            requires: [
               'Ext.Panel',
               'Ext.Button',
               'Ext.form.Panel'
            ],
            onReady: function() {
               var request = {
                  url: 'https://www.tutorialspoint.com/sencha_touch/indexx.htm',
                  method: 'POST',
                  xhr2: true,
                  success: function(response) {
                     Ext.Msg.alert('Ajax call successful');
                  },
                  failure: function(response) {
                     Ext.Msg.alert('Ajax call failed');
                  }
               };
               Ext.Viewport.add({
                  xtype:"panel",
                  layout:"vbox",
                  fullscreen:true,
                  items: [
                     {
                        xtype:"button",
                        text: "Ajax",
                        ui: 'confirm',
                        handler: function(){
                           Ext.Ajax.request(request);
                        }
                     }
                  ]
               });
            }
         });
      </script>
   </head>
   <body>
   </body>
</html>

It will produce the following result −

In the above example, just to show how ajax failure works we have mentioned the wrong URL. Compare this and the previous example, you will find the difference.

Sending parameters in Ajax request

Live Demo
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <link href = "https://cdn.sencha.com/touch/sencha-touch-2.4.2/resources/css/sencha-touch.css" rel = "stylesheet" />
      <script type = "text/javascript" src = "https://cdn.sencha.com/touch/sencha-touch-2.4.2/sencha-touch-all.js"></script>
      <script type = "text/javascript">
         Ext.setup({
            requires: [
               'Ext.Panel',
               'Ext.Button',
               'Ext.form.Panel'
            ],

            onReady: function() {
               var formData = new FormData();
               formData.append("firstName", "Hi");
               formData.append("lastName", "Reader");

               // Request will be sent as part of the payload instead of standard post data
               var request = {
                  url: 'https://www.tutorialspoint.com/sencha_touch/sencha_json.php',
                  method: 'POST',
                  xhr2: true,
                  data: formData,
                  success: function(response) {
                     var out = Ext.getCmp("output");
                     response = Ext.JSON.decode(response.responseText, true);
                     Ext.Msg.alert(response.message);
                  },
                  failure: function(response) {
                     var out = Ext.getCmp("output");
                     Ext.Msg.alert('Ajax failed!');
                  }
               };

               Ext.Viewport.add({
                  xtype:"panel",
                  layout:"vbox",
                  fullscreen:true,
                  items: [
                     {
                        xtype:"button",
                        text: "Ajax",
                        ui: 'confirm',
                        handler: function(){
                           Ext.Ajax.request(request);
                        }
                     }
                  ]
               });
            }
         });      
      </script>
   </head>
   <body>
   </body>
</html>

It will produce the following result −

In this example, we are passing parameters with the ajax using data property of ajax call.

Uploading files using Ajax

Live Demo
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <link href = "https://cdn.sencha.com/touch/sencha-touch-2.4.2/resources/css/sencha-touch.css" rel = "stylesheet" />
      <script type = "text/javascript" src = "https://cdn.sencha.com/touch/sencha-touch-2.4.2/sencha-touch-all.js"></script>
      <script type = "text/javascript">
         Ext.setup({
            requires: [
               'Ext.Panel',
               'Ext.MessageBox',
               'Ext.Button',
               'Ext.ProgressIndicator',
               'Ext.form.Panel',
               'Ext.field.FileInput'
            ],

            onReady: function() {
               var progressIndicator = Ext.create("Ext.ProgressIndicator", {
                  loadingText: "Uploading: {percent}%"
               });

               var request = {
                  url: 'https://www.tutorialspoint.com/sencha_touch/sencha_json.php',
                  method: 'POST',
                  xhr2: true,
                  progress:progressIndicator,
                  success: function(response) {
                     Ext.Msg.alert('File uploaded successfully.');
                  },
                  failure: function(response) {
                     Ext.Msg.alert('File upload failed.');
                  }
               };

               Ext.Viewport.add(progressIndicator);
               Ext.Viewport.add({
                  xtype:"panel",
                  layout:"vbox",
                  fullscreen:true,
                  items: [
                     {
                        xtype:"fileinput",
                        accept:"image/jpeg"
                     },
                     {
                        xtype:"button",
                        text: "Upload",
                        ui: 'confirm',
                        handler: function(){
                           var input = Ext.Viewport.down("fileinput").input;
                           var files = input.dom.files;
                           if (files.length) {
                              request.binaryData = files[0];
                              Ext.Ajax.request(request);
                           }else {
                              Ext.Msg.alert("Please Select a JPG");
                           }
                        }
                     }
                  ]
               });
            }
         });
      </script>
   </head>
   <body>
   </body>
</html>

It will produce the following result −

This example shows how to upload data using ajax call. In this example, we are using the progress bar indicator to show the progress while uploading the file.



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