PouchDB - Quick Guide


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PouchDB - Overview

This chapter provides a brief introduction to PouchDB along with its features and how it works.

What is PouchDB?

PouchDB is an open source in-browser database API written in JavaScript. It is modelled after Couch DB – a NoSQL database. Using this API, we can build applications that work offline and online. It internally uses WebSQL and IndexedDB to store data.

How Does it Work?

In PouchDB, when the application is offline, the data is stored locally using WebSQL and IndexedDB in the browser. When the application is back online, it is synchronized with CouchDB and compatible servers.

Using PouchDB, you can communicate with both local and remote databases seamlessly without noticing any difference.

Features of PouchDB

Following are the features of PouchDB −

  • Cross Browser − The API provided by PouchDB works the same in every environment, therefore, we can run a PouchDB application in various browsers.

  • Light Weight − PouchDB is a very light-weight API, it is also included easily just using a script tag.

  • Easy to Learn − If you have a prior knowledge of any programming language, it is easy to learn PouchDB.

  • Open Source − PouchDB is an Open Source Application and is available on GitHub.

Advantages of PouchDB

Following are the advantages of PouchDB −

  • Since PouchDB resides inside the browser, there is no need to perform queries over the network, this results in faster execution of queries.

  • You can synchronize the data with any of the supported server and by doing so you can run apps both online and offline.

Browsers that Support PouchDB

Following are the browsers that support PouchDB −

  • Firefox 29+ (Including Firefox OS and Firefox for Android)
  • Chrome 30+
  • Safari 5+
  • Internet Explorer 10+
  • Opera 21+
  • Android 4.0+
  • iOS 7.1+
  • Windows Phone 8+

PouchDB - Environment

This chapter explains how to download and install PouchDB in your system.

Installing PouchDB

In order to work with PouchDB, you need to download the file .js file and include it in your script. Following are the steps to install PouchDB.

Step 1

Visit the homepage of PouchDB website, by clicking the following link −

https://PouchDB.com/

PouchDB Homepage

Step 2

Click the Download button on the top right hand side of the web page as shown in the above screenshot. This will download PouchDB-5.3.0.min.js in your system.

Step 3

Copy and paste the PouchDB-5.3.0.min.js to your working directory and include it in your JavaScript as shown in the following command.

<script src = "PouchDB-5.3.0.min.js"></script>

Installing Pouch Using Node.js

You can also install PouchDB as Node.js module. Following are the steps to install PouchDB using Node.js.

Step 1

Install Node.js by following the steps given in the Installing Node.js section of our coffee script tutorial.

Step 2

Open the command prompt and execute the following command. This will install PouchDB node module in your system.

npm install --save PouchDB

Downloading CouchDB

When offline, PouchDB stores data locally and works like an app. You can access it online by connecting with compatible servers. As we know PouchDB can be connected to CouchDB, so, lets install CouchDB too. Following are the steps to install CouchDB.

Step 1

The official website for CouchDB is http://couchdb.apache.org. If you click the given link, you can get the home page of CouchDB official website as shown in the following screenshot.

Download CouchDB

Step 2

If you click on the download button that will lead to a page where the download links of CouchDB in various formats are provided. The following snapshot illustrates the same.

CouchDB Download Links Formats

Step 3

Choose the download link for Windows Systems and select one of the provided mirrors to start your download.

Installing CouchDB

A windows executable setup-couchdb-1.6.1_R16B02.exe file will be downloaded on your system. Run the setup file and proceed with the installation.

After installing CouchDB in your system successfully, open the folder where CouchDB was installed, go to the bin folder, and start the server by running a script file named couchdb.bat.

After installation, open built-in web interface of CouchDB by visiting the following link − http://127.0.0.1:5984/. If everything goes fine, this will give you a web page, which will have the following output.

{                 
   "couchdb":"Welcome","uuid":"c8d48ac61bb497f4692b346e0f400d60",
   "version":"1. 6.1",
   "vendor": {
      "version":"1.6.1","name":"The Apache Software Foundation"
   } 
}

You can interact with CouchDB web interface by using the following URL −

http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/

This shows you the index page of Futon, which is the web interface of CouchDB.

Web Interface

PouchDB - Create Database

You can create a database in PouchDB using the PouchDB constructor.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of using the PouchDB constructor. To this, you need to pass the name of the database as a parameter.

new PouchDB(Database_name)

Example

To create a database in PouchDB using node, first of all, you need to require the PouchDB package using the require() method and then you can create a database as shown in the following example.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');
console.log ("Database created Successfully.");

Save the above code in a file with the name Create_Database.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples>node Create_Database.js

This will create a database locally (you can see the folder in the current directory) displaying the following message.

Database created Successfully.

PouchDB - Database Info

You can get the basic information about the database using the method named info()

Syntax

Following is the syntax of using the info() method of PouchDB. This method accepts a callback function.

db.info([callback])

Example

Following is an example of retrieving database information using the info() method. Here, we are displaying the information of the database named my_database. In case of error, the error will be displayed on the console.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Database information
db.info(function(err, info) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(info);
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Database_info.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples>node Database_info.js

This will display the info of the specified database as follows.

{ 
   doc_count: 0,
   update_seq: 0,
   backend_adapter: 'LevelDOWN',
   db_name: 'my_database',
   auto_compaction: false,
   adapter: 'leveldb' 
}

Remote Database Info

In the same way, you get the information of a database that is saved remotely on the server (CouchDB). To do so, instead of database name, you need to pass the path to the required database in CouchDB.

Example

Following is an example of retrieving information of a database that is saved in the CouchDB server. This code gives you information of a database named my_database.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database');

//Database information
db.info(function(err, info) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(info);
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Database_ Remote_info.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples>node Database_Remote_info.js

This will display the info of the specified database as follows.

{ 
   db_name: 'my_database', 
   doc_count: 0, 
   doc_del_count: 0, 
   update_seq: 0, 
   purge_seq: 0, 
   compact_running: false, 
   disk_size: 79, 
   data_size: 0, 
   instance_start_time: '1458209191708486', 
   disk_format_version: 6, 
   committed_update_seq: 0, 
   host: 'http://localhost:5984/my_database/', 
   auto_compaction: false, 
   adapter: 'http' 
}

PouchDB - Delete Database

You can delete a database in PouchDB using the db.destroy() method.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of using the db.destroy() method. This method accepts a callback function as a parameter.

db.destroy()

Example

Following is an example of deleting a database in PouchDB using the destroy() method. Here, we are deleting the database named my_database, created in the previous chapters.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//deleting database
db.destroy(function (err, response) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log ("Database Deleted”);
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Delete_Database.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Delete_Database.js

This will delete the database named my_database which is stored locally displaying the following message.

Database Deleted

Deleting a Remote Database

In the same way, you can delete a database that is stored remotely on the server (CouchDB).

To do so, instead of a database name, you need to pass the path to the database that is required to be deleted, in CouchDB.

Example

Suppose there is a database named my_database in the CouchDB server. Then, if you verify the list of databases in CouchDB using the URL http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html you will get the following screenshot.

Deleting Remote Database

Following is an example of deleting a database named my_database that is saved in the CouchDB server.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('pouchdb');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database');

//deleting database
db.destroy(function (err, response) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log("Database Deleted");
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Remote_Database_Delete.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >Remote_Database_Delete.js

This deletes the specified database from PouchDB displaying the following message.

Database Deleted

Verification

After executing the above program, if you visit the URL again, you will get the following screenshot. Here you can observe only two databases since my_database was deleted.

Delete Database Verification

PouchDB - Create Document

You can create a document in PouchDB using the db.put() method.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of using the db.put() method of PouchDB. You can store the document that is to be created in PouchDB, in a variable and pass as a parameter to this method. In addition, this method also accepts a callback (optional) function as a parameter.

db.put(document, callback)

Example

Following is an example of creating a document in PouchDB using the put() method. The document we create should be of JSON format, a set of key-value pairs separated by comma (,) and enclosed within curly braces ({}).

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Preparing the document
doc = {
   _id : '001',
   name: 'Raju',
   age : 23,
   designation : 'Designer'
   }
//Inserting Document
db.put(doc, function(err, response) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log("Document created Successfully");
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with name Create_Document.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Create_Document.js

This creates the given document in PouchDB database named my_database, which is stored locally, displaying the following message.

Document created Successfully

Inserting a Document in a Remote Database

You can also insert a document in the database that is stored remotely on the server (CouchDB).

To do so, instead of database name you need to pass the path to the database where you want to create documents in CouchDB.

Example

Suppose there is a database named my_database in the CouchDB server. Then, if you verify the list of databases in CouchDB using the URL http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html you will get the following screenshot.

Inserting a Document in a Remote Database

Now, if you click on the database named my_database, you will find an empty database as shown in the following screenshot.

Empty Database

Following is an example of inserting a document in a database named my_database that is saved in the CouchDB server.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database');

//Preparing the document
doc = {
   _id : '001',
   name: 'Raju',
   age : 23,
   designation : 'Designer'
   }
//Inserting Document
db.put(doc, function(err, response) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log("Document created Successfully");
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Remote_Create_Document.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Remote_Create_Document.js

This creates the given document in PouchDB database named my_database which is stored in CouchDB, displaying the following message.

Document created Successfully

Verification

After executing the above program, if you visit the my_database again, you can observe the document created as shown in the following screenshot.

Remote Database Verification

PouchDB - Read Document

You can read/retrieve the contents of a document in PouchDB using the db.get() method.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of using the db.get() method of PouchDB. This method accepts the document id and an optional callback function.

db.get(document, callback)

Example

Following is an example of reading the contents of a document in PouchDB using the get() method.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Reading the contents of a Document
db.get('001', function(err, doc) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(doc);
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with name Read_Document.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown in the following command.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Read_Document.js

This reads the contents of the given document that exists in the database named my_database which is stored locally. The following message gets displayed on the console.

{
   name: 'Raju',
   age: 23,
   designation: 'Designer',
   _id: '001',
   _rev: '1-ba7f6914ac80098e6f63d2bfb0391637'
}

Reading a Document from a Remote Database

You can also read a document from the database that is stored remotely on the server (CouchDB).

To do so, instead of a database name, you need to pass the path to the database in CouchDB, which contains the document that is to be read.

Example

Suppose, there is a database named my_database in the CouchDB server. Then, if you verify the list of databases in CouchDB using the URL http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html you will get the following screenshot.

Reading a Document from a Remote Database

By clicking on the database named my_database you can see the following screenshot. Here, you can observe that this database contains a document with id 001.

Reading a Document

Following is an example of reading the contents of the document having id as “001” that exists in a database named my_database, which is stored in the CouchDB server.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database');

//Reading the contents of a document
db.get('001', function(err, doc) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(doc);
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Remote_Read_Document.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Remote_Read_Document.js

This reads the contents of the given document that exists in the database named my_database which is stored in CouchDB. The following message is displayed on the console.

{ 
   _id: '001',
   _rev: '3-552920d1ca372986fad7b996ce365f5d',
   name: 'Raju',
   age: 23,
   designation: 'Designer' 
}

PouchDB - Update Document

Whenever, we create a document in PouchDB, a new field _rev is generated, and it is known as revision marker. The _rev‘s value is a unique random number, each time we make changes to the document the value of _rev is changed.

You can update an existing document in PouchDB using the (_rev). To do so, first of all retrieve the _rev value of the document we want to update. Now, place the contents that are to be updated along with the retrieved _rev value in a new document, and finally insert this document in PouchDB using the put() method.

Example

Assume we have a document in PouchDB with id 001 which has details of a person. In order to update this document, we should have its rev number. Therefore, to retrieve the contents of the document the following code is used.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Reading the contents of a Document
db.get('001', function(err, doc) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(doc);
   }
});

On executing the above code, you will receive the following output.

{
   _id: '001',
   _rev: '3-552920d1ca372986fad7b996ce365f5d',
   name: 'Raju',
   age: 23,
   designation: 'Designer' 
}

Now, using the _rev you can update the value of the key “age” to 26, as shown in the following code.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Preparing the document for update
doc = {
   age: 26,
   _rev: '3-552920d1ca372986fad7b996ce365f5d',
   }

//Inserting Document
db.put(doc);

//Reading the contents of a Document
db.get('001', function(err, doc) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(doc);
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Update_Document.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\Pouch_Examples>node Update_Document.js

This updates the contents of the given document that exists in the database named my_database which is stored locally. The following message is displayed on the console.

{ 
   name: 'Raju',
   age: 26,
   designation: 'Designer',
   _id: '001',
   _rev: '2-61b523ccdc4e41a8435bdffbb057a7a5' 
}

Updating a Document in a Remote Database

You can also update an existing document in a database that is stored remotely on the server (CouchDB).

To do so, instead of a database name you need to pass the path to the database in CouchDB, which contains the document that is to be updated.

Example

Suppose there is a database named my_database in the CouchDB server. Then, if you verify the list of databases in CouchDB using the URL http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html you will get the following screenshot.

Updating a Document in a Remote Database

By clicking on the database named my_database, you can see the following screenshot. Here, you can observe that this database contains a document with id 001.

Updating Database

Following is an example of updating the age of the document having id as “001” that exists in a database named my_database which is stored in the CouchDB server.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database');

//Preparing the document for update
doc = {
   age: 26,
   _rev: '3-552920d1ca372986fad7b996ce365f5d',
   }

//Inserting Document
db.put(doc);

//Reading the contents of a Document
db.get('001', function(err, doc) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(doc);
   }
});   

Save the above code in a file with the name Remote_Update_Document.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Remote_Update_Document.js

This updates the contents of the given document that exists in the database named my_database which is stored in CouchDB. The following message is displayed on the console.

{
   _id: '001',
   _rev: '2-b9640bffbce582c94308905eed8bb545',
   name: 'Raju',
   age: 26,
   designation: 'Designer' 
}

PouchDB - Delete Document

You can delete a document from a database that exists in PouchDB using the db.remove() method.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of using the db.remove() method of PouchDB. To this method, we have to pass id and _rev to delete an existing document as shown in the following code. This method accepts an optional callback function. We can also pass the complete document instead of id and _rev.

db.remove( docId, docRev, [callback] )

Example

Assume we have a document in PouchDB with id 001 which have the details of a person. In order to delete this document along with its id we should also have its _rev number. Therefore, retrieve the contents of the document as shown in the following code.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Reading the contents of a Document
db.get('001', function(err, doc) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(doc);
   }
});

Executing the above code gives the following output.

{
   _id: '001',
   _rev: '3-552920d1ca372986fad7b996ce365f5d',
   name: 'Raju',
   age: 23,
   designation: 'Designer' 
}

Now, using the _rev and id of the document you can delete this by using the remove() method as shown in the following code.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Deleting an existing document
db.remove('001', '3-552920d1ca372986fad7b996ce365f5d', function(err) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log("Document deleted successfully");
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Delete_Document.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Delete_Document.js

This deletes the contents of the given document that exists in the database named my_database which is stored locally. The following message is displayed.

Document deleted successfully

Deleting a Document from a Remote Database

You can also delete an existing document from the database that is stored remotely on the server (CouchDB).

To do so, instead of a database name, you need to pass the path to the database in CouchDB, which contains the document that is to be read.

Example

Suppose there is a database named my_database in the CouchDB server. Then, if you verify the list of databases in CouchDB using the URL http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html you will get the following screenshot.

Deleting a Document from a Remote Database

By clicking on the database named my_database you can see the following screenshot. Here, you can observe that the database contains a document with id 001.

Deleting Database

Following is an example of deleting the contents of the document having id “001” that exists in a database named my_database which is stored in the CouchDB server.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database');

//Deleting an existing document
db.remove('001', '3-552920d1ca372986fad7b996ce365f5d', function(err) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log("Document deleted successfully");
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with name Remote_Delete_Document.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Remote_Delete_Document.js

This deletes the given document that exists in the database named my_database which is stored in CouchDB. The following message is displayed.

Document deleted successfully

PouchDB - Create Batch

You can create an array (batch) of documents in PouchDB using the db.bulkDocs() method. While creating documents, using this method if we do not provide _id values, on our behalf PouchDB generates unique ids for all the documents in the bulk.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of using the db.bulkDocs() method of PouchDB. You can store all the documents that are to be created in PouchDB in an array and pass it to this method as a parameter. In addition to it, this method also accepts a callback (optional) function as a parameter.

db.bulkDocs(docs, [options], [callback])

Example

Following is an example of creating multiple documents in PouchDB using the db.bulkDocs () method. The documents we create should be of JSON format, a set of key-value pairs separated by comma (,) and enclosed within curly braces ({}).

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Preparing the documents array
doc1 = {_id: '001', name: 'Ram', age: 23, Designation: 'Programmer'}
doc2 = {_id: '002', name: 'Robert', age: 24, Designation: 'Programmer'}
doc3 = {_id: '003', name: 'Rahim', age: 25, Designation: 'Programmer'}
docs = [doc1, doc2, doc3]

//Inserting Documents
db.bulkDocs(docs, function(err, response) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log("Documents created Successfully");
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with name Create_Batch.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Create_Batch.js

This creates the given document in PouchDB database named my_database which is stored locally. The following message gets displayed.

Documents created Successfully

Inserting a Batch in a Remote Database

You can insert an array of documents in the database that is stored remotely on the server (CouchDB).

To do so, instead of a database name you need to pass the path to the database where we want to create documents in CouchDB.

Example

Suppose there is a database named my_database in the CouchDB server. Then, if you verify the list of databases in CouchDB using the URL http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html you will get the following screenshot.

Inserting a Batch in a Remote Database

Following is an example of inserting an array of documents in the database named my_database which is saved in the CouchDB server.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database');

//Preparing the documents array

doc1 = {_id: '001', name: 'Ram', age: 23, Designation: 'Programmer'}
doc2 = {_id: '002', name: 'Robert', age: 24, Designation: 'Programmer'}
doc3 = {_id: '003', name: 'Rahim', age: 25, Designation: 'Programmer'}

docs = [doc1, doc2, doc3]

//Inserting Documents
db.bulkDocs(docs, function(err, response) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log("Documents created Successfully");
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Remote_Create_Batch.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Remote_Create_Batch.js

This creates the given documents in PouchDB database named my_database which is stored in CouchDB. The following message is displayed.

Document created Successfully

Verification

After executing the above program if you visit the my_database again, you can observe the documents created as shown in the following screenshot.

Inserting Batch Verification

PouchDB - Fetch Batch

You can read/retrieve multiple/bulk documents from a database in PouchDB using the allDocs() method.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of using the db.allDocs() method of PouchDB. This method accepts an optional callback function.

db.allDocs()

Example

Following is an example of retrieving all the documents in a database named my_database that is stored locally, using db.allDocs() method. This method retrieves the array of documents in the form of objects, to get the contents of each document you need to call as docs.rows.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Retrieving all the documents in PouchDB
db.allDocs(function(err, docs) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log (docs.rows);
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Read_All_Document.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Read_All_Document.js

This reads all the documents that exists in the database named my_database which is stored locally. The following message is displayed on the console.

[ 
   { 
      id: '001',
      key: '001',
      value: { rev: '1-9dc57f5faa7ea90eeec22eba8bfd05f5' } 
   },
   { 
      id: '002',
      key: '002',
      value: { rev: '1-9bf80afcedb9f8b5b35567292affb254' } 
    },
   { 
      id: '003',
      key: '003',
      value: { rev: '1-1204f108e41bf8baf867856d5da16c57' } 
   }
]

In general, as shown in the above result, using allDocs() method you can see only the _id, key and _rev fields of each document. However, to include the whole document in the result, you have to make the optional parameter include_docs true as shown below.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Retrieving all the documents in PouchDB
db.allDocs({include_docs: true}, function(err, docs) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log (docs.rows);
   }
});

Executing the above code gives you a list of complete documents in the specified documents as shown in the following code.

[ 
   { 
      id: '001',
      key: '001',
      value: { rev: '1-9dc57f5faa7ea90eeec22eba8bfd05f5' },
      doc: { 
         name: 'Ram',
         age: 23,
         Designation: 'Programmer',
         _id: '001',
         _rev: '1-9dc57f5faa7ea90eeec22eba8bfd05f5' 
      } 
   },
   { 
      id: '002',
      key: '002',
      value: { rev: '1-9bf80afcedb9f8b5b35567292affb254' },
      doc: { 
         name: 'Robert',
         age: 24,
         Designation: 'Programmer',
         _id: '002',
         _rev: '1-9bf80afcedb9f8b5b35567292affb254' 
      } 
   },
   { 
      id: '003',
      key: '003',
      value: { rev: '1-1204f108e41bf8baf867856d5da16c57' },
      doc: { 
         name: 'Rahim',
         age: 25,
         Designation: 'Programmer',
         _id: '003',
         _rev: '1-1204f108e41bf8baf867856d5da16c57' 
      } 
   }
]

Reading a Batch from a Remote Database

You can also fetch all the documents from the database that is stored remotely on the server (CouchDB).

To do so instead of a database name, you need to pass the path to the database in CouchDB, which contains the document that is to be read.

Example

Suppose there is a database named my_database in the CouchDB server. Then, if you verify the list of databases in CouchDB using the URL http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html you will get the following screenshot.

Reading a Batch from a Remote Database

Following is an example of reading all the documents that exist in a database named my_database which is stored in the CouchDB server.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database');

//Retrieving all the documents in PouchDB
db.allDocs({include_docs: true}, function(err, docs) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(docs.rows);
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Remote_Read_AllDocument.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Remote_Read_AllDocument.js

This reads the contents of the given document that exists in the database named my_database which is stored in CouchDB, and displays on the console as shown below.

[ 
   { 
      id: '001',
      key: '001',
      value: { rev: '3-552920d1ca372986fad7b996ce365f5d' },
      doc: { 
         _id: '001',
         _rev: '3-552920d1ca372986fad7b996ce365f5d',
         name: 'Raju',
         age: 23,
         designation: 'Designer' 
      } 
   },
   { 
      id: '002',
      key: '002',
      value: { rev: '1-9af15cb11054ebe03a7816bf6c5e4128' },
      doc: { 
         _id: '002',
         _rev: '1-9af15cb11054ebe03a7816bf6c5e4128',
         name: 'Robert',
         age: 24,
         Designation: 'Programmer' 
      } 
   },
   { 
      id: '003',
      key: '003',
      value: { rev: '1-3033b5a78e915c52fd37325d42eb3935' },
      doc: { 
         _id: '003',
         _rev: '1-3033b5a78e915c52fd37325d42eb3935',
         name: 'Rahim',
         age: 25,
         Designation: 'Programmer' 
      } 
   } 
]

PouchDB - Update Batch

You can update an array of documents in PouchDB at once using the bulkDocs() method. To do so you need to create an array of documents where, each document contains _id, _rev and the values that are to be updated.

Suppose the database named my_database that is stored locally in PouchDB contains 3 documents namely doc1, doc2, doc3 with the following contents.

doc1 = {_id: '001', name: 'Ram', age: 23, Designation: 'Programmer'}
doc2 = {_id: '002', name: 'Robert', age: 24, Designation: 'Programmer'}
doc3 = {_id: '003', name: 'Rahim', age: 25, Designation: 'Programmer'}

Suppose we have to increase the age values in all the 3 documents by 2 years. For this to happen, first you need to get the _rev values. Therefore, fetch the contents of these documents using the following code.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Retrieving all the documents in PouchDB
db.allDocs({include_docs: true},function(err, docs) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(docs.rows);
   }
});

Save the above code as bulk_fetch.js. On executing, the above program gives you the _id and _rev values of the documents in the database as shown below.

[ 
   { 
      id: '001',
      key: '001',
      value: { rev: '1-1604b0c3ff69dc1e261265fd60808404' } 
   },
   { 
      id: '002',
      key: '002',
      value: { rev: '1-b5e49db7e984841bf12a13e3ee548125' } 
   },
   { 
      id: '003',
      key: '003',
      value: { rev: '1-a7b342786ecc707aa91f3b321a177b51' } 
   } 
]

Now, you can update the documents using their respective _id and _rev values as shown below.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_databas');

//Preparing the document
docs = [{_id : '001', _rev: '1-1604b0c3ff69dc1e261265fd60808404', age : 25, },
      {_id : '002', _rev: '1-b5e49db7e984841bf12a13e3ee548125', age : 26, },
      {_id : '003', _rev: '1-a7b342786ecc707aa91f3b321a177b51', age : 27 }]

//Updating the documents in bulk
db.bulkDocs(docs, function(err, response) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log("Documents Updated Successfully");
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Update_All_Document.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Update_All_Document.js

This updates all the documents that exists in the database named my_database which is stored locally, displaying the following message.

Documents Updated Successfully

Now, if you execute the bulk_fetch.js program by adding {include_docs: true} as a parameter to allDocs() function, before the callback, then, you will can see the values of the documents updated, as shown below.

[ 
   { 
      id: '001',
      key: '001',
      value: { rev: '2-77f3a9974dd578d12f3f2a33aae64c8d' },
      doc: { 
         age: 25,
         _id: '001',
         _rev: '2-77f3a9974dd578d12f3f2a33aae64c8d' 
      } 
   },
   { 
      id: '002',
      key: '002',
      value: { rev: '2-43966007568ce9567c96422195fcfa0d' },
      doc: { 
         age: 26,
         _id: '002',
         _rev: '2-43966007568ce9567c96422195fcfa0d' 
      } 
   },
   { 
      id: '003',
      key: '003',
      value: { rev: '2-6c5349652527f4f39583ff14f23cd677' },
      doc: { 
         age: 27,
         _id: '003',
         _rev: '2-6c5349652527f4f39583ff14f23cd677' 
      } 
   } 
]

Updating Batch from a Remote Database

You can update all the documents from the database that is stored remotely on the server (CouchDB).

To do so, instead of a database name, you need to pass the path to the database in CouchDB, which contains the document that is to be read.

Example

Suppose there is a database named my_database in the CouchDB server. Then, if you verify the list of databases in CouchDB using the URL http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html you will get the following screenshot.

Updating Batch from a Remote Database

And assume if we select the database named my_database, you can observe that it contains 3 documents as shown in the following screenshot.

Updating Batch

Now, fetch the contents of these documents using the following code.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database');

//Retrieving all the documents in PouchDB
db.allDocs({include_docs: true}, function(err, docs) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(docs.rows);
   }
});

Save the above code as remote_bulk_fetch.js. On executing, the above program gives you the contents of all the documents in the database as shown below.

[ 
   { 
      id: '001', 
      key: '001', 
      value: { rev: '3-552920d1ca372986fad7b996ce365f5d' }, 
      doc: { 
         _id: '001', 
         _rev: '3-552920d1ca372986fad7b996ce365f5d', 
         name: 'Raju', 
         age: 23, 
         designation: 'Designer' 
      } 
   },
   { 
      id: '002', 
      key: '002', 
      value: { rev: '1-9af15cb11054ebe03a7816bf6c5e4128' }, 
      doc: { 
         _id: '002', 
         _rev: '1-9af15cb11054ebe03a7816bf6c5e4128', 
         name: 'Robert', 
         age: 24, 
         Designation: 'Programmer' 
      } 
   }, 
   { 
      id: '003', 
      key: '003', 
      value: { rev: '1-3033b5a78e915c52fd37325d42eb3935' }, 
      doc: { 
         _id: '003',
         _rev: '1-3033b5a78e915c52fd37325d42eb3935',
         name: 'Rahim', 
         age: 25, 
         Designation: 'Programmer' 
      } 
   } 
]

Following is an example of updating all the documents that exists in a database named my_database which is stored in the CouchDB server.

//Requiring the package 
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object 
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database'); 

//Preparing the document 
docs = [{_id : '001', _rev: '3-552920d1ca372986fad7b996ce365f5d', age : 24, }, 
      {_id : '002', _rev: '1-9af15cb11054ebe03a7816bf6c5e4128', age : 26, }, 
      {_id : '003', _rev: '1-3033b5a78e915c52fd37325d42eb3935', age : 27}]

//Inserting Document 
db.bulkDocs(docs, function(err, response) { 
   if (err) { 
      return console.log(err); 
   } else { 
      console.log(+"Documents Updated Successfully"); 
   } 
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Remote_Update_Document.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Remote_Update_Document.js

This updates the contents of all given document that exists in the database named my_database which is stored in CouchDB, and displays the following message.

Documents Updated Successfully

Now, if you execute the remote_bulk_fetch.js program you will can see the values of the documents updated, as shown below.

[ 
   { 
      id: '001',
      key: '001',
      value: { rev: '4-6bc8d9c7a60fed2ed1667ec0740c1f39' },
      doc: { 
         _id: '001',
         _rev: '4-6bc8d9c7a60fed2ed1667ec0740c1f39',
         age: 25 
      } 
   },
   { 
      id: '002',
      key: '002',
      value: { rev: '2-1aa24ce77d96bb9d2a0675cdf1e113e0' },
      doc: { 
         _id: '002',
         _rev: '2-1aa24ce77d96bb9d2a0675cdf1e113e0',
         age: 26 
      } 
   },
   { 
      id: '003',
      key: '003',
      value: { rev: '2-fa113149ba618eda77f73072974a2bc1' },
      doc: { 
         _id: '003',
         _rev: '2-fa113149ba618eda77f73072974a2bc1',
         age: 27 
      } 
   } 
]

PouchDB - Delete Batch

You can delete an array of documents in PouchDB at once using the bulkDocs() method. To do so you need to create an array of documents that are to be deleted where, each document should contain _id and _rev. In addition to these you have to add another key-value pair _deleted: true.

Suppose the database named my_database that is stored locally in PouchDB contains 3 documents namely doc1, doc2, doc3 with the following contents.

doc1 = {_id: '001', name: 'Ram', age: 23, Designation: 'Programmer'}
doc2 = {_id: '002', name: 'Robert', age: 24, Designation: 'Programmer'}
doc3 = {_id: '003', name: 'Rahim', age: 25, Designation: 'Programmer'}

And say, we have to delete all the three documents. Then, first of all you need to get their _rev values. Therefore, fetch the contents of these documents using the following code.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Retrieving all the documents in PouchDB
db.allDocs({include_docs: true},function(err, docs) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(docs.rows);
   }
});

Save the above code as bulk_fetch.js. Executing the above program gives you the _id and _rev values of the documents in the database as shown below.

[ 
   { 
      id: '001',
      key: '001',
      value: { rev: '1-1604b0c3ff69dc1e261265fd60808404' } 
   },
   { 
      id: '002',
      key: '002',
      value: { rev: '1-b5e49db7e984841bf12a13e3ee548125' } 
   },
   { 
      id: '003',
      key: '003',
      value: { rev: '1-a7b342786ecc707aa91f3b321a177b51' } 
   } 
]

Now, you can delete the documents using their respective _id and _rev values as shown below.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Preparing the document
docs = [{_id : '001', _rev: '2-77f3a9974dd578d12f3f2a33aae64c8d', _deleted : true },
      {_id : '002', _rev: '2-43966007568ce9567c96422195fcfa0d', _deleted : true }, 
      {_id : '003', _rev: '2-6c5349652527f4f39583ff14f23cd677',_deleted : true }]

//Deleting Documents
db.bulkDocs(docs, function(err, response) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(response+"Documents deleted Successfully");
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Delete_All_Document.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Delete_All_Document.js

This deletes all the documents that exists in the database named my_database which is stored locally, displaying the following message.

Documents Deleted Successfully

Now, if you execute the bulk_fetch.js program, you can observe an empty brace on the console indicating that the database is empty, as shown below.

[]

Deleting Batch from a Remote Database

You can update all the documents from the database that is stored remotely on the server (CouchDB).

To do so, instead of a database name, you need to pass the path to the database in CouchDB, which contains the document that is to be read.

Example

Suppose there is a database named my_database in the CouchDB server. Then, if you verify the list of databases in CouchDB using the URL http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html you will get the following screenshot.

Deleting Batch from a Remote Database

If we select the database named my_database, you can observe that it contains 3 documents as shown in the following screenshot.

Deleting Batch

Following is an example of deleting all the documents that exist in a database named my_database which is stored in the CouchDB server.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database');

//Preparing the document
docs = [{_id : '001', _rev: '4-6bc8d9c7a60fed2ed1667ec0740c1f39', _deleted : true },
      {_id : '002', _rev: '2-1aa24ce77d96bb9d2a0675cdf1e113e0', _deleted : true },
      {_id : '003', _rev: '2-fa113149ba618eda77f73072974a2bc1',_deleted : true }]

//Deleting Documents
db.bulkDocs(docs, function(err, response) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log("Documents deleted Successfully");
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with name Remote_delete_AllDocuments.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown in the following screenshot.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Remote_Delete_AllDocuments.js

This deletes the contents of all given document that exists in the database named my_database which is stored in CouchDB, and displays the following message.

Documents Deleted Successfully

PouchDB - Adding Attachment

You can attach a binary object to a document using the putAttachment() method in PouchDB.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of the putAttachment(). To this method, we have to pass the document id, attachment id, MIME type along with the attachment. This method also accepts an optional callback function.

db.putAttachment( docId, attachmentId, attachment, type, [callback] );

We can prepare attachment using blob or buffer objects, where blob is used while working with the browser and buffer is used while working with Node.js, since we are demonstrating our programs in Node.js, we use buffer objects to prepare documents.

Example

Following is an example of creating a document with an attachment, within a database named my_database in PouchDB using putAttachment() method.

//Requiring the package 
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Preparing the attachment 
var my_attachment = new Buffer(['Welcome to tutorialspoint'], {type: 'text/plain'});

//Adding attachment to a document 
db.putAttachment('001', 'att_1.txt', my_attachment, 'text/plain', function(err, res) { 
   if (err) { 
      return console.log(err); 
   } else { 
      console.log(res+"Attachment added successfully") 
   } 
});

Save the above code in a file with name Add_Attachment.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Add_Attachment.js

This creates an empty document adding an attachment to it, in the database named my_database which is stored in PouchDB, and displays the following message.

Attachment added successfully

You can verify whether the attachment is added by reading the document using the following code.

//Requiring the package 
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Reading the Document 
db.get('001',{attachments: true}, function(err, doc) { 
   if (err) { 
      return console.log(err); 
   } else { 
      console.log(doc); 
   } 
});

Save the above code as read_doc.js and execute it. Executing this program, you can see the following contents of the document.

{ 
   _attachments: { 
      att_1.txt: { 
         content_type: 'text/plain',
         digest: 'md5-k7iFrf4NoInN9jSQT9WfcQ==',
         data: 'AA==' 
      } 
   },
   _id: '001',
   _rev: '1-620fd5f41d3328fcbf9ce7504338a51d' 
}

Adding Attachment to an Existing Document

Suppose, there is a document in a database by the name my_database PouchDB with id ‘002’. You can get the contents of it by executing the read_doc.js by changing the id value to 002, as shown below.

{ 
   name: 'Raju',
   age: 23,
   designation: 'Designer',
   _id: '002',
   _rev: '1-05ca7b5f3f4762a9fb2d119cd34c8d40' 
}

Now, you can add an attachment to this document using its _rev value.

//Requiring the package 
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Adding attachment to existing document 
var my_attachment = new Buffer (['Welcome to tutorialspoint'], {type: 'text/plain'});

rev = '1-05ca7b5f3f4762a9fb2d119cd34c8d40'; 
db.putAttachment('002', 'att_1.txt', rev, my_attachment, 'text/plain', function(err, res) { 
   if (err) { 
      return console.log(err); 
   } else { 
      console.log (res + "Attachment added successfully") 
   } 
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Add_Attachment_to_doc.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Add_Attachment_to_doc.js

This adds an attachment to the specified document displaying the following message.

Attachment added successfully

If you change the id value in read_doc.js to 002 and execute it, you will get the following output.

{ 
   name: 'Raju',
   age: 23,
   designation: 'Designer',
   _attachments: { 
      att_1: { 
         content_type: 'text/plain',
         digest: 'md5-k7iFrf4NoInN9jSQT9WfcQ==',
         data: 'AA==' 
      } 
   },
   _id: '002',
   _rev: '2-3bb4891b954699bce28346723cc7a709' 
}

Adding Attachment to a Remote Document

You can even add an attachment to the document existing in a database that is stored remotely on the server (CouchDB).

To do so, instead of a database name, you need to pass the path to the database in CouchDB, which contains the document that is to be read.

Example

Suppose there is a database named my_database in the CouchDB server. Then, if you verify the list of databases in CouchDB using the URL http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html you will get the following screenshot.

Adding Attachment to a Remote Document

And if you select the database named my_database, you can view its contents as shown below.

Adding Attachment

Following is an example of adding an attachment to the document 001 stored in a database named my_database which is stored in the CouchDB server.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database');

//Adding attachment to existing document
var my_attachment = new Buffer (['Welcome to tutorialspoint'], {type: 'text/plain'});

rev = '1-36c34fdcf29a652876219065f9681602';
db.putAttachment('001', 'att_1.txt',rev, my_attachment, 'text/plain', function(err, res) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log (res+ "Attachment added successfully")
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Remote_Add_Attachment.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Remote_Add_Attachment.js

This adds an attachment to the specified document displaying the following message.

Attachment added successfully

Now, if you verify the document, you can observe the attachment added to it as shown in the following screenshot.

Adding Attachment Verification

PouchDB - Retrieving Attachment

You can retrieve an attachment from PouchDB using the getAttachment() method. This method always returns blob or buffer objects.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of the getAttachment(). To this method, we have to pass the document id and attachment id. This method also accepts an optional callback function.

db.getAttachment( docId, attachmentId, [callback] );

Example

Following is an example of retrieving an attachment of a document stored in PouchDB, using getAttachment() method. Using this code, we are trying to retrieve an attachment att_1.txt from the document 001.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Retrieving an attachment from a document
db.getAttachment('001', 'att_1.txt', function(err, blob_buffer) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(blob_buffer);
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Retrieve_Attachment.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Retrieve_Attachment.js

This retrieves the attachment of the document and displays on the console as shown below.

<Buffer 00>

Retrieving Attachment from a Remote Document

You can also retrieve an attachment of a document existing in the database that is stored remotely on the server (CouchDB).

To do so, instead of a database name, you need to pass the path to the database in CouchDB, which contains the document that is to be read.

Example

Suppose there is a database named my_database in the CouchDB server. Then, if you verify the list of databases in CouchDB using the URL http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html you will get the following screenshot.

Retrieving Attachment from a Remote Document

If you select the database named my_database, you can view its contents as shown below.

Retrieving Attachment

Suppose, there is an attachment in this document as shown below.

Attachment

Following is an example of retrieving an attachment of the document 001 that exists in a database named my_database, which is stored in the CouchDB server.

//Requiring the package 
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object 
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database');

//Retrieving an attachment from a document 
db.getAttachment('001', 'att_1.txt', function(err, blob_buffer) { 
   if (err) { 
      return console.log(err); 
   } else { 
      console.log(blob_buffer); 
   } 
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Remote_Retrieve_Attachment.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Remote_Retrieve_Attachment.js

This retrieves the document attachment and displays it on the console as shown below.

<Buffer 00>

PouchDB - Deleting Attachment

You can delete an attachment from PouchDB using the removeAttachment() method.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of the removeAttachment() method. To this method, we have to pass the document id, attachment id, and _rev value. This method also accepts an optional callback function.

db.removeAttachment ( docId, attachmentId, rev, [callback] );

Example

Suppose there is a document in PouchDB with id 001, which contains id, name, age, designation of an employee along with an attachment as shown below.

{ 
   name: 'Raju',
   age: 23,
   designation: 'Designer',
   _attachments: { 
      'att_1.txt': { 
         content_type: 'text/plain',
         digest: 'md5-k7iFrf4NoInN9jSQT9WfcQ==',
         data: 'AA==' 
      } 
   },
   _id: '001',
   _rev: '2-cdec6c9f45ddbee7d456945654742d43' 
}

Following is an example of deleting the attachment of this document 001 stored in PouchDB, using removeAttachment() method.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my');
db.removeAttachment('001', 'att_1.txt', '2-cdec6c9f45ddbee7d456945654742d43', 
   function(err, res) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(res+"Attachment Deleted successfully")
   }
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Remove_Attachment.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Remove_Attachment.js

This removes the attachment of the document and displays a message on the console as shown below.

Attachment deleted successfully

After deletion, you can verify the contents of the document by executing the following code.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_d');

//Reading the Document
db.get('001',{attachments: true}, function(err, doc) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(doc);
   }
});

Save this code as read.js and execute it. On executing, you will get the contents of the document after deleting the attachment, as shown below.

{ 
   name: 'Raju',
   age: 23,
   designation: 'Designer',
   _id: '001',
   _rev: '3-da775487a6ed0495f2e49c543384f8e8' 
}

Removing Attachment from a Remote Document

You can delete an attachment of an existing document in the database that is stored remotely on the server (CouchDB).

To do so, instead of a database name, you need to pass the path to the database in CouchDB, which contains the document that is to be read.

Example

Suppose there is a database named my_database in the CouchDB server. Then, if you verify the list of databases in CouchDB using the URL http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html you will get the following screenshot.

Removing Attachment from a Remote Document

And if you select the database named my_database, you can view its contents as shown below.

Removing Attachment Database

Suppose there is an attachment in this document as shown below.

Removing Attachment

Following is an example of deleting the above mentioned attachment of the document 001 that exists in a database named my_database which is stored in the CouchDB server.

//Requiring the package 
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object 
var db = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/my_database');

db.removeAttachment('001', 'att_1.txt', '2-049f1c4ffa54576ec0947b65e34de423', 
   function(err, res) { 
   if (err) { 
      return console.log(err); 
   } else { 
      console.log(res+"Attachment Deleted successfully") 
   } 
});

Save the above code in a file with the name Remote_Delete_Attachment.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Remote_Delete_Attachment.js

This removes the existing attachment and displays the following message.

Attachment Deleted successfully

If you visit the document again, you can notice that the attachment was deleted as shown in the following screenshot.

Attachment Deleted

PouchDB - Replication

One of the most important features of PouchDB is replication, i.e. you can make a copy of a database. You can replicate either a PouchDB instance stored locally or a CouchDB instance stored remotely.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of replicating a database in PouchDB. Here, a copy of the source database is the target. To this method, you can directly pass the location of source and destination databases in String format, or you can pass objects representing them.

PouchDB.replicate(source, target, [options])

Both the source and targets can be either PouchDB instances or CouchDB instances.

Replicating LocalDB to CouchDB

Suppose there is a database with the name sample_database in PouchDB, and it contains 3 documents doc1, doc2, and doc3, having contents as shown below.

doc1 = {_id: '001', name: 'Ram', age: 23, Designation: 'Programmer'} 
doc2 = {_id: '002', name: 'Robert', age: 24, Designation: 'Programmer'} 
doc3 = {_id: '003', name: 'Rahim', age: 25, Designation: 'Programmer'}

Following is an example which makes a copy of the database named sample_database that is stored locally in CouchDB.

//Requiring the package 
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

var localdb = 'sample_database';

//Creating remote database object 
var remotedb = 'http://localhost:5984/sample_database';

//Replicating a local database to Remote 
PouchDB.replicate(localDB, remoteDB); 
console.log ("Database replicated successfully");

Save the above code in a file with name Replication_example.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Replication_example.js

This makes a copy of the database named sample_database in CouchDB instance and displays a message on the console as shown below.

Database replicated successfully

You can verify whether the database is replicated in your CouchDB instance by clicking the following link http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html.

On clicking, you can see the list of databases in your CouchDB. You can also observe that a copy of the database sample_database is created here.

Sample Database

If you select the replicated database, you can view its contents as shown below.

Replicated Database

Replicating CouchDB to PouchDB

Suppose there is a database with the name Remote_Database in CouchDB and it contains 3 documents, doc1, doc2, and doc3, having contents as shown below.

doc1 = {_id: '001', name: 'Geeta', age: 25, Designation: 'Programmer'}
doc2 = {_id: '002', name: 'Zara Ali', age: 24, Designation: 'Manager'}
doc3 = {_id: '003', name: 'Mary', age: 23, Designation: 'Admin'}

Following is an example which makes a copy of the database named Remote_Database that is stored in CouchDB in the local storage.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

var localdb = 'sample_database';

var remotedb = 'http://localhost:5984/sample_database1';

//Replicating a local database to Remote
PouchDB.replicate(remotedb, localdb);
console.log("Database replicated successfully");

Save the above code in a file with the name Replication_example2.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Replication_example2.js

This makes a copy of the database named remote_database in PouchDB instance and displays a message on the console as shown below.

Database replicated successfully

You can verify whether the database is replicated in your Pouch instance by executing the following code.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('remote_database');

//Retrieving all the documents in PouchDB
db.allDocs({include_docs: true, attachments: true}, function(err, docs) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(docs.rows);
   }
});

If the database is replicated on executing the above code, you will get the contents of the replicated database as shown below.

[ 
   { 
      id: '001', 
      key: '001', 
      value: { rev: '1-23cf3767e32a682c247053b16caecedb' }, 
      doc: { 
         name: 'Geeta', 
         age: 25, 
         Designation: 'Programmer', 
         _id: '001',
         _rev: '1-23cf3767e32a682c247053b16caecedb' 
      } 
   }, 
   { 
      id: '002', 
      key: '002', 
      value: { rev: '1-d5bcfafbd4d4fae92fd7fc4fdcaa3a79' }, 
      doc: { 
         name: 'Zara Ali', 
         age: 24, 
         Designation: 'Manager', 
         _id: '002',
         _rev: '1-d5bcfafbd4d4fae92fd7fc4fdcaa3a79' 
      } 
   }, 
   { 
      id: '003', 
      key: '003', 
      value: { rev: '1-c4cce025dbd30d21e40882d41842d5a4' }, 
      doc: { 
         name: 'Mary', 
         age: 23, 
         Designation: 'Admin', 
         _id: '003', 
         _rev: '1-c4cce025dbd30d21e40882d41842d5a4' 
      } 
   } 
]

PouchDB - Synchronization

You can synchronize the databases stored locally in PouchDB with those that are stored in CouchDB. In the previous chapter, we have seen how to replicate databases using PouchDB. There we have used the method PouchDB.replicate(source, destination).

In addition to this, we can also replicate the data, from the local database to the remote database, and from the remote database to the local database using replicate.to() and replicate.from() methods as shown below.

//Replicating data from local database to remote database 
localDB.replicate.to(remoteDB);

//Replicating data from remote database to local database 
localDB.replicate.from(remoteDB);

Where, localDB is an object of database stored locally in PouchDB and remoteDB is an object of a database that is stored in CouchDB.

Example

Suppose there is a database with the name local_database in PouchDB, and it contains 3 documents, doc1, doc2, and doc3, having contents as shown below.

doc1 = {_id: '003', name: 'Ram', age: 26, Designation: 'Programmer'} 
doc2 = {_id: '004', name: 'Robert', age: 27, Designation: 'Programmer'} 
doc3 = {_id: '005', name: 'Rahim', age: 28, Designation: 'Programmer'}

And there is a database with the name Remote_Database in CouchDB and it contains 2 documents doc1, doc2, having contents as shown below.

doc1 = {_id: '001', name: 'Geeta', age: 25, Designation: 'Programmer'} 
doc2 = {_id: '002', name: 'Zara Ali', age: 24, Designation: 'Manager'}

Following is an example of synchronizing these two databases, where one is stored in PouchDB and other is stored in CouchDB, using the replicate.to() and replicate.from() methods.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating local database object
var localDB = new PouchDB('local_database');

//Creating remote database object
var remoteDB = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/remote_database');

//Synchronising both databases
localDB.replicate.to(remoteDB);
remoteDB.replicate.from(localDB);
console.log("Databases synchronized successfully");

Save the above code in a file with the name Synchronising_databases.js. Open the command prompt and execute the JavaScript file using node as shown below.

C:\PouchDB_Examples >node Synchronising_databases.js

This synchronizes the two databases remoteDB and localDB, and displays a message on the console as shown below.

Databases synchronized successfully.

After synchronizing the two databases visit the http://127.0.0.1:5984/_utils/index.html and select the remote_database. You can observe that the documents of local database (003, 004, 005) were copied in this database as shown below.

Remote Database

In the same way, if you fetch the contents of the local_database stored in PouchDB you can get to observe that documents of the database that is stored in CouchDB were copied here.

[ 
   { 
      id: '001',
      key: '001',
      value: { rev: '1-23cf3767e32a682c247053b16caecedb' },
      doc: { 
         name: 'Geeta',
         age: 25,
         Designation: 'Programmer',
         _id: '001',
         _rev: '1-23cf3767e32a682c247053b16caecedb' 
      } 
   },
   { 
      id: '002',
      key: '002',
      value: { rev: '1-d5bcfafbd4d4fae92fd7fc4fdcaa3a79' },
      doc: { 
         name: 'Zara Ali',
         age: 24,
         Designation: 'Manager',
         _id: '002',
         _rev: '1-d5bcfafbd4d4fae92fd7fc4fdcaa3a79' 
      } 
   },
   { 
      id: '003',
      key: '003',
      value: { rev: '1-bf4619471ac346fdde46cfa8fbf3587f' },
      doc: { 
         name: 'Ram',
         age: 26,
         Designation: 'Programmer',
         _id: '003',
         _rev: '1-bf4619471ac346fdde46cfa8fbf3587f' 
      } 
   },
   { 
      id: '004',
      key: '004',
      value: { rev: '1-29b8f803958c994e3eb37912a45d869c' },
      doc: { 
         name: 'Robert',
         age: 27,
         Designation: 'Programmer',
         _id: '004',
         _rev: '1-29b8f803958c994e3eb37912a45d869c' 
      } 
   },
   { 
      id: '005',
      key: '005',
      value: { rev: '1-0eb89f71998ffa8430a640fdb081abd2' },
      doc: { 
         name: 'Rahim',
         age: 28,
         Designation: 'Programmer',
         _id: '005',
         _rev: '1-0eb89f71998ffa8430a640fdb081abd2' 
      } 
   } 
]

You can rewrite the above program using the sync() method provided by PouchDB instead of the two methods replicate.to() and replicate.from() as shown below.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating local database object
var localDB = new PouchDB('local');

//Creating remote database object
var remoteDB = new PouchDB('http://localhost:5984/remote_database');

//Synchronising Remote and local databases
localDB.sync(remoteDB, function(err, response) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(response);
   }
});

On executing the above program, it synchronizes the two databases displaying the following message.

{ 
   push: { 
      ok: true,
      start_time: Fri Mar 25 2016 15:54:37 GMT+0530 (India Standard Time),
      docs_read: 6,
      docs_written: 6,
      doc_write_failures: 0,
      errors: [],
      last_seq: 10,
      status: 'complete',
      end_time: Fri Mar 25 2016 15:54:37 GMT+0530 (India Standard Time) 
   },
   pull: { 
      ok: true,
      start_time: Fri Mar 25 2016 15:54:37 GMT+0530 (India Standard Time),
      docs_read: 0,
      docs_written: 0,
      doc_write_failures: 0,
      errors: [],
      last_seq: 2,
      status: 'complete',
      end_time: Fri Mar 25 2016 15:54:37 GMT+0530 (India Standard Time) 
   } 
}

PouchDB - Miscellaneous

In this chapter, we will discuss the concepts like, compaction and retrieval of bulk data from PouchDB.

Compaction

You can reduce the size of a database by removing the unused data using compact() method. You can compact a local database as well as remote database using this method.

Following is an example demonstrating the usage of the compact() method in PouchDB.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('sample_database');

db.compact(function (err, result) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(result);
   }
});

Retrieving Bulk Data

You can retrieve a set of documents in bulk using the bulkGet() method. To this method, you need to pass a set of id’s and _rev’s.

Following is an example demonstrating the usage of the bulkGet() method in PouchDB.

//Requiring the package
var PouchDB = require('PouchDB');

//Creating the database object
var db = new PouchDB('my_database');

//Preparing documents
//Inserting Document
db.bulkGet({docs: [
   { id: "001", rev: "1-5dc593eda0e215c806677df1d12d5c47"},
   { id: "002", rev: "1-2bfad8a9e66d2679b99c0cab24bd9cc8"},
   { id: "003", rev: "1-7cff4a5da1f97b077a909ff67bd5b047"} ]}, function(err, result) {
   if (err) {
      return console.log(err);
   } else {
      console.log(result);
   }
});


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