A schema is a named collection of tables. A schema can also contain views, indexes, sequences, data types, operators, and functions. Schemas are analogous to directories at the operating system level, except that schemas cannot be nested. PostgreSQL statement CREATE SCHEMA creates a schema.
The basic syntax of CREATE SCHEMA is as follows −
CREATE SCHEMA name;
Where name is the name of the schema.
The basic syntax to create table in schema is as follows −
CREATE TABLE myschema.mytable ( ... );
Let us see an example for creating a schema. Connect to the database testdb and create a schema myschema as follows −
testdb=# create schema myschema; CREATE SCHEMA
The message "CREATE SCHEMA" signifies that the schema is created successfully.
Now, let us create a table in the above schema as follows −
testdb=# create table myschema.company( ID INT NOT NULL, NAME VARCHAR (20) NOT NULL, AGE INT NOT NULL, ADDRESS CHAR (25), SALARY DECIMAL (18, 2), PRIMARY KEY (ID) );
This will create an empty table. You can verify the table created with the command given below −
testdb=# select * from myschema.company;
This would produce the following result −
id | name | age | address | salary ----+------+-----+---------+-------- (0 rows)
To drop a schema if it is empty (all objects in it have been dropped), use the command −
DROP SCHEMA myschema;
To drop a schema including all contained objects, use the command −
DROP SCHEMA myschema CASCADE;
It allows many users to use one database without interfering with each other.
It organizes database objects into logical groups to make them more manageable.
Third-party applications can be put into separate schemas so they do not collide with the names of other objects.