MapStruct - Custom Mapping


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We can add custom methods as well to the Mapper created using org.mapstruct.Mapper annotation. We can create abstract class as well intead of an Interface. Mapstruct automatically creates the corresponding mapper class.

Now create a default conversion method in interface.

@Mapper
public interface StudentMapper {
   default Student getModelFromEntity(StudentEntity studentEntity){
      Student student = new Student();
      student.setId(studentEntity.getId());
      student.setName(studentEntity.getName());
      student.setClassName(studentEntity.getClassVal());
      return student;
   }
}

In similar fashion, we can create an abstract class as well as a mapper.

@Mapper
public absgract class StudentMapper {
   Student getModelFromEntity(StudentEntity studentEntity){
      Student student = new Student();
      student.setId(studentEntity.getId());
      student.setName(studentEntity.getName());
      student.setClassName(studentEntity.getClassVal());
      return student;
   }
}

Example

Open project mapping as updated in Basic Mapping chapter in Eclipse.

Student.java

package com.tutorialspoint.model;

public class Student {
   private int id;
   private String name;
   private String className;

   public int getId() {
      return id;
   }
   public void setId(int id) {
      this.id = id;
   }
   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }
   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }
   public String getClassName() {
      return className;
   }
   public void setClassName(String className) {
      this.className = className;
   }
}

StudentEntity.java

package com.tutorialspoint.entity;

public class StudentEntity {
   private int id;
   private String name;
   private String classVal;
   public int getId() {
      return id;
   }
   public void setId(int id) {
      this.id = id;
   }
   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }
   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }
   public String getClassVal() {
      return classVal;
   }
   public void setClassVal(String classVal) {
      this.classVal = classVal;
   }
}

StudentMapper.java

package com.tutorialspoint.mapper;

import org.mapstruct.Mapper;
import org.mapstruct.Mapping;
import com.tutorialspoint.entity.StudentEntity;
import com.tutorialspoint.model.Student;

@Mapper
public interface StudentMapper {
   default Student getModelFromEntity(StudentEntity studentEntity){
      Student student = new Student();
      student.setId(studentEntity.getId());
      student.setName(studentEntity.getName());
      student.setClassName(studentEntity.getClassVal());
      return student;
   }
   @Mapping(target="classVal", source="className")
   StudentEntity getEntityFromModel(Student student);
}

StudentMapperTest.java

package com.tutorialspoint.mapping;

import static org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertEquals;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;
import org.mapstruct.factory.Mappers;
import com.tutorialspoint.entity.StudentEntity;
import com.tutorialspoint.mapper.StudentMapper;
import com.tutorialspoint.model.Student;

public class StudentMapperTest {
   private StudentMapper studentMapper = Mappers.getMapper(StudentMapper.class);
   @Test
   public void testEntityToModel() {
      StudentEntity entity = new StudentEntity();
      entity.setClassVal("X");
      entity.setName("John");
      entity.setId(1);
      Student model = studentMapper.getModelFromEntity(entity);
      assertEquals(entity.getClassVal(), model.getClassName());
      assertEquals(entity.getName(), model.getName());
      assertEquals(entity.getId(), model.getId());
   }
   @Test
   public void testModelToEntity() {
      Student model = new Student();
      model.setId(1);
      model.setName("John");
      model.setClassName("X");
      StudentEntity entity = studentMapper.getEntityFromModel(model);
      assertEquals(entity.getClassVal(), model.getClassName());
      assertEquals(entity.getName(), model.getName());
      assertEquals(entity.getId(), model.getId());
   }
}

Run the following command to test the mappings.

mvn clean test

Output

Once command is successful. Verify the output.

mvn clean test
[INFO] Scanning for projects...
...
[INFO] --- maven-surefire-plugin:2.12.4:test (default-test) @ mapping ---
[INFO] Surefire report directory: \mvn\mapping\target\surefire-reports

-------------------------------------------------------
 T E S T S
-------------------------------------------------------
Running com.tutorialspoint.mapping.StudentMapperTest
Tests run: 2, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 0.004 sec
...
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