# Q Language - Table Arithmetic

In this chapter, we will learn how to operate on dictionaries and then tables. Let’s start with dictionaries −

```q)d:`u`v`x`y`z! 9 18 27 36 45                  / Creating a dictionary d

q)/ key of this dictionary (d) is given by

q)key d
`u`v`x`y`z

q)/and the value by

q)value d
9 18 27 36 45

q)/a specific value

q)d`x
27

q)d[`x]
27

q)/values can be manipulated by using the arithmetic operator +-*% as,

q)45 + d[`x`y]
72 81
```

If one needs to amend the dictionary values, then the amend formulation can be −

```q)@[`d;`z;*;9]
`d

q)d

u | 9
v | 18
x | 27
y | 36

q)/Example, table tab

q)tab:([]sym:`;time:0#0nt;price:0n;size:0N)

q)n:10;sym:`IBM`SAMSUNG`APPLE`MSFT

q)insert[`tab;(n?sym;("t"\$.z.Z);n?100.0;n?100)]
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

q)`time xasc `tab
`tab

q)/ to get particular column from table tab

q)tab[`size]
12 10 1 90 73 90 43 90 84 63

q)tab[`size]+9
21 19 10 99 82 99 52 99 93 72

z | 405

q)/Example table tab

q)tab:([]sym:`;time:0#0nt;price:0n;size:0N)

q)n:10;sym:`IBM`SAMSUNG`APPLE`MSFT

q)insert[`tab;(n?sym;("t"\$.z.Z);n?100.0;n?100)]
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

q)`time xasc `tab
`tab

q)/ to get particular column from table tab

q)tab[`size]
12 10 1 90 73 90 43 90 84 63

q)tab[`size]+9
21 19 10 99 82 99 52 99 93 72

q)/Example table tab

q)tab:([]sym:`;time:0#0nt;price:0n;size:0N)

q)n:10;sym:`IBM`SAMSUNG`APPLE`MSFT

q)insert[`tab;(n?sym;("t"\$.z.Z);n?100.0;n?100)]
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

q)`time xasc `tab
`tab

q)/ to get particular column from table tab

q)tab[`size]
12 10 1 90 73 90 43 90 84 63

q)tab[`size]+9
21 19 10 99 82 99 52 99 93 72

q)/We can also use the @ amend too

q)@[tab;`price;-;2]

sym      time           price     size
--------------------------------------------
APPLE   11:16:39.779   6.388858     12
MSFT    11:16:39.779   17.59907     10
IBM     11:16:39.779   35.5638      1
SAMSUNG  11:16:39.779   59.37452     90
APPLE   11:16:39.779   50.94808     73
SAMSUNG  11:16:39.779   67.16099     90
APPLE   11:16:39.779   20.96615     43
SAMSUNG  11:16:39.779   67.19531     90
IBM     11:16:39.779   45.07883     84
IBM     11:16:39.779   61.46716     63

q)/if the table is keyed

q)tab1:`sym xkey tab[0 1 2 3 4]

q)tab1

sym    |   time          price     size
--------- | ----------------------------------
APPLE   | 11:16:39.779   8.388858    12
MSFT    | 11:16:39.779   19.59907    10
IBM     | 11:16:39.779   37.5638     1
SAMSUNG  | 11:16:39.779   61.37452    90
APPLE   | 11:16:39.779   52.94808    73

q)/To work on specific column, try this

q){tab1[x]`size} each sym
1 90 12 10

q)(0!tab1)`size
12 10 1 90 73

q)/once we got unkeyed table, manipulation is easy

q)2+ (0!tab1)`size
14 12 3 92 75
```
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