Java XML - Overview


What is XML?

XML is a simple text-based language which was designed to store and transport data in plain text format. It stands for Extensible Markup Language. Following are some of the salient features of XML.

  • XML is a markup language.

  • XML is a tag based language like HTML.

  • XML tags are not predefined like HTML.

  • You can define your own tags which is why it is called extensible language.

  • XML tags are designed to be self-descriptive.

  • XML is W3C Recommendation for data storage and data transfer.


<?xml version = "1.0"?>


Following are the advantages that XML provides −

  • Technology agnostic − Being plain text, XML is technology independent. It can be used by any technology for data storage and data transfer purpose.

  • Human readable − XML uses simple text format. It is human readable and understandable.

  • Extensible − In XML, custom tags can be created and used very easily.

  • Allow Validation − Using XSD, DTD and XML structures can be validated easily.


Following are the disadvantages of using XML −

  • Redundant Syntax − Normally XML files contain a lot of repetitive terms.

  • Verbose − Being a verbose language, XML file size increases the transmission and storage costs.