Java 9 - Process API Improvements


In Java 9 Process API which is responsible to control and manage operating system processes has been improved considerably. ProcessHandle Class now provides process's native process ID, start time, accumulated CPU time, arguments, command, user, parent process, and descendants. ProcessHandle class also provides method to check processes' liveness and to destroy processes. It has onExit method, the CompletableFuture class can perform action asynchronously when process exits.

import java.time.ZoneId;

public class Tester {
   public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
      ProcessBuilder pb = new ProcessBuilder("notepad.exe");
      String np = "Not Present";
      Process p = pb.start();
      ProcessHandle.Info info =;
      System.out.printf("Process ID : %s%n",;
      System.out.printf("Command name : %s%n", info.command().orElse(np));
      System.out.printf("Command line : %s%n", info.commandLine().orElse(np));

      System.out.printf("Start time: %s%n",
         info.startInstant().map(i -> i.atZone(ZoneId.systemDefault())

      System.out.printf("Arguments : %s%n",
         info.arguments().map(a -> Stream.of(a).collect(
         Collectors.joining(" "))).orElse(np));

      System.out.printf("User : %s%n", info.user().orElse(np));


You will see the following output.

Process ID : 5800
Command name : C:\Windows\System32\notepad.exe
Command line : Not Present
Start time: 2017-11-04T21:35:03.626
Arguments : Not Present
User: administrator