Reports Parameters


The main input for filling a report are − report template, parameters, and data sources. This chapter will describe the parameters and in the next chapter we will discuss the data sources.

Parameters are the object references, those are passed during report-filling operations to the report engine. The data which cannot be passed through the data source, can be passed by using parameters. Data like author name, title of the report, etc. can be passed through parameters. A JasperReports template or JRXML template can have zero or more parameter elements.

Parameter Declaration

Parameter declaration as follows −

<parameter name = "exampleParameter" class = "java.lang.String" />

The Name Attribute

The name attribute of the <parameter> element is mandatory. It references the parameter in report expressions by name. Parameter name should be a single word. It should not contain any special characters like dot or comma.

The Class Attribute

The class attribute is also mandatory and it specifies the class name for the parameter values. Its default value is java.lang.String. This can be changed to any class available at runtime. Irrespective of the type of a report parameter, the engine takes care of casting in the report expressions in which the $P{} token is used, hence making the manual casts is unnecessary.

The report parameter values are always packed in a java.util.Map object, which has the parameter name as its key. Report parameters can be used in the query string of the report, so as to further customize the data set, retrieved from the database. These act like dynamic filters in the query that supplies data for the report.

Built-in Parameters

Following are the pre-defined report parameters, ready to use in the expressions −

S.NO Parameter Name and Description


Contains a map with all user defined and built-in parameters.



This points to the user supplied class java.sql.Connection, used for JDBC datasources.



This is a user supplied instance of JRDataSource representing either one of the built-in data source types or a user-defined one.



This is a java.lang.Integer value, allowing the users to limit the records from datasource.



This points to net.sf.jasperreports.engine.JRAbstractScriptlet and contains an instance of the report scriptlet provided by the user.



This a java.util.Locale instance, containing the resource bundle desired locale.



This points to java.util.ResourceBundle object and contains localized messages.



This is a java.util.TimeZone instance, used for the date formatting.



This is an instance of net.sf.jasperreports.engine.JRVirtualizer object, and used for the page virtualization (optimize memory consumption).



This is a java.lang.ClassLoader instance to be used during the report filling process to load resources such as images, fonts, and subreport templates



If set to java.lang.Boolean.TRUE the report will be generated on one long page and page break will not occur.


Let us pass ReportTitle and Author to the report (generated by Revised file C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test\src\com\tutorialspoint\ is as follows −

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import net.sf.jasperreports.engine.JRException;
import net.sf.jasperreports.engine.JasperFillManager;

public class JasperReportFill {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      String sourceFileName = 

      DataBeanList DataBeanList = new DataBeanList();
      ArrayList<DataBean> dataList = DataBeanList.getDataBeanList();

      JRBeanCollectionDataSource beanColDataSource =
      new JRBeanCollectionDataSource(dataList);

      Map parameters = new HashMap();
       * Passing ReportTitle and Author as parameters
      parameters.put("ReportTitle", "List of Contacts");
      parameters.put("Author", "Prepared By Manisha");

      try {
         sourceFileName, parameters, beanColDataSource);
      } catch (JRException e) {

The contents of the POJO file C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test\src\com\tutorialspoint\ are as below −

package com.tutorialspoint;

public class DataBean {
   private String name;
   private String country;

   public String getName() {
      return name;

   public void setName(String name) { = name;

   public String getCountry() {
      return country;

   public void setCountry(String country) { = country;

The contents of the file C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test\src\com\tutorialspoint\ are as given below −

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.util.ArrayList;

public class DataBeanList {
   public ArrayList<DataBean> getDataBeanList() {
      ArrayList<DataBean> dataBeanList = new ArrayList<DataBean>();

      dataBeanList.add(produce("Manisha", "India"));
      dataBeanList.add(produce("Dennis Ritchie", "USA"));
      dataBeanList.add(produce("V.Anand", "India"));
      dataBeanList.add(produce("Shrinath", "California"));

      return dataBeanList;

    * This method returns a DataBean object,
    * with name and country set in it.
   private DataBean produce(String name, String country) {
      DataBean dataBean = new DataBean();
      return dataBean;

Let's add parameters the <ReportTitle> and <Author> to our existing report template (Chapter Report Designs). The Report Title and Author will be displayed at the beginning of the report. The revised report template (jasper_report_template.jrxml) is as follows. Save it to C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test directory −

<?xml version = "1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE jasperReport PUBLIC
   "//JasperReports//DTD Report Design//EN"

<jasperReport xmlns = ""
   xmlns:xsi = ""
   xsi:schemaLocation = ""
   name = "jasper_report_template" pageWidth = "595"
   pageHeight = "842" columnWidth = "515"
   leftMargin = "40" rightMargin = "40" topMargin = "50" bottomMargin = "50">
   <parameter name = "ReportTitle" class = "java.lang.String"/>
   <parameter name = "Author" class = "java.lang.String"/>


   <field name = "country" class = "java.lang.String">

   <field name = "name" class = "java.lang.String">

      <band height = "70">
            <reportElement x = "0" y = "0" width = "515" height = "1"/>
         <textField isBlankWhenNull = "true" bookmarkLevel = "1">
            <reportElement x = "0" y = "10" width = "515" height = "30"/>
            <textElement textAlignment = "Center">
               <font size = "22"/>
            <textFieldExpression class = "java.lang.String">
         <textField isBlankWhenNull = "true">
            <reportElement  x = "0" y = "40" width = "515" height = "20"/>
            <textElement textAlignment = "Center">
               <font size = "10"/>
            <textFieldExpression class = "java.lang.String">

      <band height = "23">
            <reportElement mode = "Opaque" x = "0" y = "3" width = "535" height = "15"
               backcolor = "#70A9A9" />
               <bottomPen lineWidth = "1.0" lineColor = "#CCCCCC" />
            <textElement />
            <reportElement x = "414" y = "3" width = "121" height = "15" />
            <textElement textAlignment = "Center" verticalAlignment = "Middle">
               <font isBold = "true" />
            <reportElement x = "0" y = "3" width = "136" height = "15" />
            <textElement textAlignment = "Center" verticalAlignment = "Middle">
               <font isBold = "true" />

      <band height = "16">
            <reportElement mode = "Opaque" x = "0" y = "0" width = "535" height = "14"
               backcolor = "#E5ECF9" />
               <bottomPen lineWidth = "0.25" lineColor = "#CCCCCC" />
            <textElement />
            <reportElement x = "414" y = "0" width = "121" height = "15" />
            <textElement textAlignment = "Center" verticalAlignment = "Middle">
               <font size = "9" />
            <textFieldExpression class = "java.lang.String">
            <reportElement x = "0" y = "0" width = "136" height = "15" />
            <textElement textAlignment = "Center" verticalAlignment = "Middle" />
            <textFieldExpression class = "java.lang.String">

Report Generation

We will compile and execute the above file using our regular ANT build process. The contents of the file build.xml (saved under directory C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test) are as below.

The import file - baseBuild.xml is picked from the chapter Environment Setup and should be placed in the same directory as the build.xml.

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>
<project name = "JasperReportTest" default = "viewFillReport" basedir = ".">
   <import file = "baseBuild.xml" />

   <target name = "viewFillReport" depends = "compile,compilereportdesing,run"
      description = "Launches the report viewer to preview
      the report stored in the .JRprint file.">
      <java classname = "net.sf.jasperreports.view.JasperViewer" fork = "true">
         <arg value = "-F${}.JRprint" />
         <classpath refid = "classpath" />
   <target name = "compilereportdesing" description = "Compiles the JXML file and
      produces the .jasper file.">
      <taskdef name = "jrc" classname = "net.sf.jasperreports.ant.JRAntCompileTask">
         <classpath refid = "classpath" />
      <jrc destdir = ".">
            <fileset dir = ".">
               <include name = "*.jrxml" />
         <classpath refid = "classpath" />


Next, let's open command line window and go to the directory where build.xml is placed. Finally, execute the command ant -Dmain-class=com.tutorialspoint.JasperReportFill (viewFullReport is the default target) as follows −

C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test>ant -Dmain-class=com.tutorialspoint.JasperReportFill
Buildfile: C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test\build.xml

   [delete] Deleting directory C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test\classes
   [delete] Deleting: C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test\jasper_report_template.jasper
   [delete] Deleting: C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test\jasper_report_template.jrprint

   [mkdir] Created dir: C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test\classes
   [javac] C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test\baseBuild.xml:28: warning:
   'includeantruntime' was not set, defaulting to build.sysclasspath=last;
   set to false for repeatable builds
   [javac] Compiling 7 source files to C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test\classes

   [jrc] Compiling 1 report design files.
   [jrc] log4j:WARN No appenders could be found for logger
   [jrc] log4j:WARN Please initialize the log4j system properly.
   [jrc] log4j:WARN See
   for more info.
   [jrc] File : C:\tools\jasperreports-5.0.1\test\jasper_report_template.jrxml ... OK.

   [echo] Runnin class : com.tutorialspoint.JasperReportFill
   [java] log4j:WARN No appenders could be found for logger
   [java] log4j:WARN Please initialize the log4j system properly.

   [java] log4j:WARN No appenders could be found for logger
   [java] log4j:WARN Please initialize the log4j system properly.

Total time: 18 seconds

As a result of above compilation, a JasperViewer window opens up as shown in the following screen −

Jasper Report Parameter Example

Here, we see that, the ReportTitle "List Of Contacts" and Author "Prepared By Manisha" are displayed at the beginning of the report.