How to create custom Alert Dialogs in an Android App using Kotlin?

Kotlin Apps/ApplicationsMobile DevelopmentAndroid

This example demonstrates how to create custom Alert Dialogs in an Android App using Kotlin.

Step 1 − Create a new project in Android Studio, go to File ⇒ New Project and fill all required details to create a new project.

Step 2 − Add the following code to res/layout/activity_main.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
   android:id="@+id/activity_main"
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="match_parent"
   tools:context="MainActivity">
   <Button
      android:id="@+id/buttonShowCustomDialog"
      style="@android:style/Widget.DeviceDefault.Button.Inset"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
      android:layout_marginBottom="131dp"
      android:onClick="exit"
      android:text="Click"
      android:textStyle="normal|bold" />
   <TextView
      android:id="@+id/textView"
      android:layout_width="match_parent"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_above="@+id/buttonShowCustomDialog"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
      android:layout_marginBottom="86dp"
      android:gravity="center"
      android:text="CLICK TO VIEW CUSTOM ALERT DIALOG"
      android:textSize="18sp"
   android:textStyle="normal|bold" />
</RelativeLayout>

Step 3 − Add the following code to src/MainActivity.kt

import android.app.Dialog
import android.content.Context
import android.os.Bundle
import android.view.View
import android.widget.Button
import android.widget.Toast
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
   private val context: Context = this
   override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
      title = "KotlinApp"
   }
   fun exit(view: View) {
      val dialog = Dialog(context)
      dialog.setContentView(R.layout.customdialog)
      val dialogButton = dialog.findViewById<Button>(R.id.dialogButtonOK)
      dialogButton.setOnClickListener {
         dialog.dismiss()
         Toast.makeText(applicationContext, "Dismissed..!!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
      }
      dialog.show()
   }
}

Step 4 − Add the following code to androidManifest.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" package="com.example.q11">
   <application
      android:allowBackup="true"
      android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
      android:label="@string/app_name"
      android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
      android:supportsRtl="true"
      android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
      <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
         <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
         </intent-filter>
      </activity>
   </application>
</manifest>

Let's try to run your application. I assume you have connected your actual Android Mobile device with your computer. To run the app from android studio, open one of your project's activity files and click the Run icon from the toolbar. Select your mobile device as an option and then check your mobile device which will display your default screen

raja
Published on 09-Jul-2020 12:01:18
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