Google Guice - Linked Bindings


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In Linked bindings, Guice maps a type to its implementation. In below example, we've mapped SpellChecker interface with its implementation SpellCheckerImpl.

bind(SpellChecker.class).to(SpellCheckerImpl.class);

We can also mapped the concrete class to its subclass. See the example below:

bind(SpellCheckerImpl.class).to(WinWordSpellCheckerImpl.class);

Here we've chained the bindings. Let's see the result in complete example.

Complete Example

Create a java class named GuiceTester.

GuiceTester.java

import com.google.inject.AbstractModule;
import com.google.inject.Guice;
import com.google.inject.Inject;
import com.google.inject.Injector;

public class GuiceTester {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Injector injector = Guice.createInjector(new TextEditorModule());
      TextEditor editor = injector.getInstance(TextEditor.class);
      editor.makeSpellCheck(); 
   } 
}

class TextEditor {
   private SpellChecker spellChecker;

   @Inject
   public TextEditor(SpellChecker spellChecker) {
      this.spellChecker = spellChecker;
   }

   public void makeSpellCheck(){
      spellChecker.checkSpelling();
   }
}

//Binding Module
class TextEditorModule extends AbstractModule {

   @Override
   protected void configure() {
      bind(SpellChecker.class).to(SpellCheckerImpl.class);
      bind(SpellCheckerImpl.class).to(WinWordSpellCheckerImpl.class);
   } 
}

//spell checker interface
interface SpellChecker {
   public void checkSpelling();
}


//spell checker implementation
class SpellCheckerImpl implements SpellChecker {

   @Override
   public void checkSpelling() {
      System.out.println("Inside checkSpelling." );
   } 
}

//subclass of SpellCheckerImpl
class WinWordSpellCheckerImpl extends SpellCheckerImpl{
   @Override
   public void checkSpelling() {
      System.out.println("Inside WinWordSpellCheckerImpl.checkSpelling." );
   } 
}

Output

Compile and run the file, you will see the following output.

Inside WinWordSpellCheckerImpl.checkSpelling.
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