Downhill Skiing – Terms
The following terms are frequently used in connection with Downhill Skiing −
Audio Helmet − Helmet with speakers allowing to listen music while skiing.
Avalanche Control − Triggering avalanches artificially, controlling explosions to create slope for skaters.
Bomber − Slang for a skier flying down the slope in a fashion out of control.
Bowl − Mountain Basin, free of trees used for swooping turns or steeps and speedy drives.
Carving Ski − Narrow skis made for clean and tight turns.
Cat Tracks − Flat paths used to move around a mountain. These are mostly used by skiers to reach different places within a resort.
Crust − A frozen layer covering soft snow or buried under fresh dusting of snow.
Death Cookies − Term for cookie sized ice chunks formed by snowmaking. A plague mostly found in resorts of New England and not seen in Western resorts.
Bid − mountain resorts
Dump − Fresh powder of the snowfall.
Durometer − An instrument used to measure hardness of ski boots made of plastic.
Edge − A sharp metal strip on skis side, used in controlling by biting into snow.
Fall line − The direct line down a slope.
FIS − French acronym for International Skiing Federation.
Foot bed − The part of ski boots that is removable and lies inside the boot.
Freestyle − A style of skiing mostly based on tricks.
Fun Box − A box in terrain parks for sliding across on snowboards or skis.
Glade − A stand of trees.
Gondola − A closed lift that can fit four to eight passengers; generally faster than open chair lift.
Grab − While in the air, holding any part of the skis or snowboard; used to maintain balance and also taken as a style in skiing.
Grooming − A form of trail maintenance. For spreading new snow and to smooth over icy patches, bumps and other obstacles. For this, tractors i.e. Snow-cats are used.
Hard pack − Hardly packed snow because of repeated grooming.
Heli-skiing − The best skiing for experienced and experts in skiing. Skiers are transferred using helicopters to ski off-trail through fresh tracks. Not for everyone because it is highly dangerous.
Huck − To launch a jump.
In-bounds − Ski terrain inside the ski resort boundaries.
Indy Grab − Grabbing toe edge of snowboard between rear hand binding.
Jib − Riding across a non-ice surface.
Kicker − A jump in the shape of a cheese-wedge, often built for trick sessions.
Last − Term used by a boot maker for the shape of interior of the boot.
Vertical Drop − The distance between base and mountain’s tallest point.