Creating Media Dependent Style Sheets using CSS

CSSWeb DevelopmentFront End Technology

Media dependent stylesheets are basic stylesheets only but apply to html document only when mediatype matches device type on which document is visible.

We can create media dependent stylesheets by following methods −

  • Using @media At-rules
  • Using @import At-rules
  • Using HTML <link> element with media attribute

Example

Let’s see an example for creating media dependent stylesheets −

HTML Document

 Live Demo

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" media="screen" href="screen.css">
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" media="print" href="print.css">
</head>
<body>
<div></div>
</body>
</html>

CSS document (screen.css)

div {
height: 50px;
width: 100px;
border-radius: 20%;
border: 2px solid blueviolet;
box-shadow: 22px 12px 3px 3px lightblue;
position: absolute;
left: 30%;
top: 20px;
}

CSS document (print.css)

div {
   height: 50px;
   width: 100px;
   border-radius: 20%;
   border: 2px solid #dc3545;
   box-shadow: 22px 12px 3px 3px #dc3545;
   position: absolute;
   left: 30%;
   top: 20px;
}

Output

This will produce the following output −

When document is visible in a screen mediatype −

When document is visible in a print mediatype −

Example

Let’s see another example for creating media dependent stylesheets −

 Live Demo

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style type="text/css">
p {
   background-origin: content-box;
   background-repeat: no-repeat;
   background-size: cover;
   box-shadow: 0 0 3px black;
   padding: 20px;
   background-origin: border-box;
}
@media screen and (max-width: 900px) {
   p{
      background: url("https://www.tutorialspoint.com/android/images/android.jpg");
      color: #c303c3;
   }
}
@media screen and (max-width: 500px) {
   p {
      color: black;
      background: url("https://www.tutorialspoint.com/react_native/images/react-native.jpg");
   }
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<p>This is demo text. This is demo text. This is demo text. This is demo text. 
This is demo text. This is demo text. This is demo text. This is demo text. 
This is demo text. This is demo text. This is demo text. This is demo text. 
This is demo text. This is demo text. This is demo text. This is demo text. 
This is demo text. This is demo text. This is demo text. This is demo text. </p>
</body>
</html>

Output

This will produce the following output −

When screen size is above 500px −

When screen size is below 500px −

raja
Published on 08-Jan-2020 11:28:55
Advertisements