Basics of Popular Operating Systems


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Basics of Popular Operating Systems (Windows, LINUX)

We shall discuss about the basic of Operating Systems in this section −

Windows Operating System

Windows operating system is developed by Microsoft Corporation. It provides Graphical User Interface (GUI), multitasking capability to users. It also provides virtual memory management and several peripheral devices. According to statistics, about 90% of computers have migrated to Windows operating system.

Windows Operating System

Versions of Windows Operating System

Windows Server Version Code Name Launch Date Kernel Version CPU Speed Min Disk Min Memory
Windows for Workgroups 3.1 Sparta Oct-92 3.1 25 MHz 10.5 MB 3 MB
Windows for Workgroups 3.1 Snowball Nov-93 3.11 25 MHz 10.5 MB 3 MB
Windows for NT 3.1 Advanced Server NT OS/2 Aug-93 NT 3.10 25 MHz 90 MB 16 MB
Windows for NT 3.5 Server Daytona Sep-94 NT 3.5 25 MHz 90 MB 16 MB
Windows for NT 3.51 Server Daytona Jun-95 NT 3.51 25 MHz 90 MB 16 MB
Windows for NT 4 Server Cairo Jul-96 NT 4.0 33 MHz 150 MB 32 MB
Windows 2000 Server Janus Feb-00 NT 5.0 133 MHz 1000 MB 128 MB
Windows Server 2003 Whistler Apr-03 NT 5.2 400 MHz 1500 MB 512 MB
Windows Server 2003 R2 R2 Mar-06 NT 5.2 400 MHz 1500 MB 512 MB
Windows Server 2008 Longhorn Feb-08 NT 6.0 1000MHz 20,000MB 512 MB
Windows Server 2008 R2 Server 7 Oct-09 NT 6.1 1400MHz 32,000MB 512 MB
Windows Server 2012 Server 8 Sep-12 NT 6.2 1400MHz 32,000MB 512 MB
Windows Server 2012 R2 Blue Oct-13 NT 6.3 1400MHz 32,000MB 512 MB
Windows Server 2016 Redstone Sep-16 NT 10.0 1400MHz 32,000MB 512 MB

Linux Operating System

Linux is a multitasking operating system that supports various users and numerous tasks. It is open source, i.e., code for Linux is available for free of cost. Linux can run on any computer and support almost any type of application. Linux uses command-line interface. It also supports windows based GUI environment, called "shells". The most popular Linux vendors are Red Hat and Novell. Some of the Linux versions include Ubuntu, Fedora, Linux Mint, etc.

Linux

computer_concepts_introduction_to_gui_based_os.htm
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