Computer Concepts - Accessing Web Browser


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There are several ways to access a web page like using URLs, hyperlinks, using navigating tools, search engine, etc.

Using URLs

URL refers to "Uniform Resource Locator". Each and every website can be recognized using a unique address called "Uniform Resource Locator" or simply a URL. Once you provide URL of a specific page in address bar, web browser will find the corresponding page and displays result to the user.

URLs

Using Hyperlinks

"Hyperlink" is a part of web page that is linked to URL. Hyperlink can be text, image, button, arrow, etc. By clicking on a hyperlink you can move to different URL specified in the link from the current URL. Hyperlinked text is an underlined blue color text which is represented using hand symbol.

Hyperlinks

Using Browsers Navigation Tools

Web browsers offer a variety of tools to help you move around the web. These tools help you to quickly go back and forth through web pages.

Back Button − Helps to move back to the previous page from current page.

Back Button

Forward Button − Helps to move to the next page from current page.

Forward Button

Refresh Button − Helps to refresh a current page.

Refresh Button

Close Button − Helps to close a web page.

Close Button

Using Bookmark

Web browsers allow you to bookmark pages that you visit most frequently. This helps you to go to web page directly by selecting from a list of bookmarks instead of typing the URL multiple times. This is displayed as an icon with star symbol in the top right corner of the page.

Bookmark

Using History

When you type any URL in address bar, the browser saves that URL automatically, thus creating a history list for current session. You can choose the URL you want from the history list instead of typing it again.

Search History

Select History Option

Using Search Engine

Search engine is an application that allows you to search for content on web. It displays multiple web pages based on the content or a word you have typed. The most popular search engines include Google, Yahoo, Ask, etc. Below are the steps to use a search engine.

Step 1 − Launch your web browser.

Taskbar Shortcut Icon

Step 2 − In "Address bar/Location", type the search engine you want to use and press enter.

Enter Search Engine Name

Step 3 − Type the content you want to search in the "search text box" and press enter.

search_text_box

Step 4 − It displays a list of web pages from which you can select the content/web page you want.

Search Text Displayed

Using Favorites Folder

Web browsers allow you to bookmark the pages that you visit most frequently. The Favorites folder is called Bookmarks. This helps you to go to the web page directly by selecting from the list of bookmarks instead of typing the URL again and again. Adding and removing the pages to the favorite’s folder include the following steps.

Step 1 − Click star icon present at the top right corner of the page.

Bookmark

Rename Bookmark

Save Renamed Bookmark

Step 2 − In order to add the web page, type the page you want to add as favorite and click "Done" button or you can click the three vertical dots (Vertical Dots) icon on top right corner of the screen and select "Bookmark this page" option from the displayed menu to bookmark the current page.

Customize Control Google Chrome

Select Bookmark Option

Select Bookmark This Page

Step 3 − In order to remove the web page, select a page and press "Remove" button or you can click the three vertical dots icon(Vertical Dots) on top right corner of the screen and select the web page you want to delete and "Right click" and click "Delete" option.

Customize Control Google Chrome

Browser Bookmark Option

Browser UnBookmark Page

Aelect Dlete Bookmarked

Alternately, we can use the below screenshots −

Bookmark Icon

Remove Bookmark Icon

Downloading Web Pages

Downloading is saving a file or document or web page on your hard disk. It consists of following steps.

Step 1 − Open a web browser and navigate to the webpage which you want to download.

Downloading Web Pages

Step 2 − Right-click on the file and choose Save as.

Save As Webpage

Rename File

Step 3 − Choose where you want to save the file, then click Save.

Select File Destination

Click on Save

Step 4 − When the file is downloaded, you'll see it at the bottom of your Chrome window. Click the file name to open it.

File is Downloaded

Pause, Resume or Cancel

At the bottom of the screen, you can see the downloading file. Click the arrow next to the file name at the bottom of your screen. Click Pause, Resume or Cancel, whatever action you want to perform.

Control Downloading File

Printing Web Pages

Printing is creating hard copy of a document which can be a web page or any other content. It includes the following steps −

Step 1 − After launching web browser, open the page, image, or file you want to print.

Step 2 − Click on three vertical dots icon (Vertical Dots) on the top right corner of the screen or use a keyboard shortcut: Ctrl + P.

Customize Control Google Chrome

Select Print Webpage

Step 3 − In the window that appears, select destination and change any print settings you want; when ready, click Print.

Click Print Button
computer_concepts_introduction_to_internet_www_web_browsers.htm
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