BackboneJS - Environment Setup


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BackboneJS is very easy to setup and work. This chapter will discuss the download and setup of the BackboneJS Library.

BackboneJS can be used in the following two ways −

  • Downloading UI library from its official website.
  • Downloading UI library from CDNs.

Downloading the UI library from its official website

When you open the link http://backbonejs.org/, you will get to see a screenshot as shown below −

Backbone.js Setup

As you can see, there are three options for download of this library −

  • Development Version − Right click on this button and save as and you get the full source JavaScript library.

  • Production Version − Right click on this button and save as and you get the Backbone-min.js library file which is packed and gzipped.

  • Edge Version − Right click on this button and save as and you get an unreleased version, i.e., development is going on; hence you need to use it at your own risk.

Dependencies

BackboneJS depends on the following JavaScript files −

  • Underscore.js − This is the only hard dependency which needs to be included. You can get it from here.

  • jQuery.js − Include this file for RESTful persistence, history support via Backbone.Router and DOM manipulation with Backbone.View. You can get it from here.

  • json2.js − Include this file for older Internet Explorer support. You can get it from here.

Download UI Library from CDNs

A CDN or Content Delivery Network is a network of servers designed to serve files to users. If you use a CDN link in your web page, it moves the responsibility of hosting files from your own servers to a series of external ones. This also offers an advantage that if the visitor to your webpage has already downloaded a copy of BackboneJS from the same CDN, it won't have to be re-downloaded.

As said above, BackboneJS has a dependency of the following JavaScript −

  • jQuery
  • Underscore

Hence CDN for all the above is as follows −

<script type = "text/javascript" 
   src = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.5.2/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script type = "text/javascript"
   src = "https://ajax.cdnjs.com/ajax/libs/underscore.js/1.1.4/underscore-min.js"></script>
<script type = "text/javascript"
   src = "https://ajax.cdnjs.com/ajax/libs/backbone.js/0.3.3/backbone-min.js"></script>

Note − We are using the CDN versions of the library throughout this tutorial.

Example

Let's create a simple example using BackboneJS.

Live Demo
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <meta charset = "UTF-8">
      <meta http-equiv = "X-UA-Compatible" content = "IE = edge,chrome = 1">
      <title>Hello World using Backbone.js</title>
   </head>
   
   <body>
      <!-- ========= -->
      <!-- Your HTML -->
      <!-- ========= -->
      <div id = "container">Loading...</div>
      <!-- ========= -->
      <!-- Libraries -->
      <!-- ========= -->
      <script src = "https://code.jquery.com/jquery-2.1.3.min.js"
         type = "text/javascript"></script>
         
      <script src = "https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/underscore.js/1.3.3/underscoremin.js"
         type = "text/javascript"></script>
         
      <script src = "https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/backbone.js/0.9.2/backbone-min.js"
         type = "text/javascript"></script>
      <!-- =============== -->
      <!-- Javascript code -->
      <!-- =============== -->
      
      <script type = "text/javascript">
         var AppView = Backbone.View.extend ({
            // el - stands for element. Every view has an element associated with HTML content, will be rendered. 
            el: '#container',
            
            // It's the first function called when this view is instantiated.
            initialize: function() {
               this.render(); 
            },
            
            // $el - it's a cached jQuery object (el), in which you can use jQuery functions to push content.
            
            //Like the Hello TutorialsPoint in this case.
            render: function() {
               this.$el.html("Hello TutorialsPoint!!!");
            }
         });
         var appView = new AppView();
      </script>
      
   </body>
</html>

The code comments are self-explanatory. A few more details are given below −

There's a html code at the start of body tag

<div id = "container">Loading...</div>

This prints Loading...

Next, we have added the following CDNs

<script src = "https://code.jquery.com/jquery-2.1.3.min.js"
   type = "text/javascript"></script>
<script src = "https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/underscore.js/1.3.3/underscore-min.js"
   type = "text/javascript"></script>
<script src = "https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/backbone.js/0.9.2/backbone-min.js"
   type = "text/javascript"></script>

Next, we have the following script −

var AppView = Backbone.View.extend ({
   
   // el - stands for element. Every view has an element associated with HTML content,
   //will be rendered. 
   el: '#container', 

   // It's the first function called when this view is instantiated. 
   initialize: function() { 
      this.render(); 
   }, 

   // $el - it's a cached jQuery object (el), in which you can use jQuery functions to push content.
   
   //Like the Hello World in this case. 
   render: function() { 
      this.$el.html("<h1>Hello TutorialsPoint!!!</h1>"); 
   } 
});  
var appView = new AppView();

The comments are self-explanatory. In the last line, we are initializing new AppView(). This will print the "Hello TutorialsPoint" in the div with id = "container"

Save this page as myFirstExample.html. Open this in your browser and the screen will show the following text.

Backbone.js Hello Example

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