Apache Spark - Deployment


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Spark application, using spark-submit, is a shell command used to deploy the Spark application on a cluster. It uses all respective cluster managers through a uniform interface. Therefore, you do not have to configure your application for each one.

Example

Let us take the same example of word count, we used before, using shell commands. Here, we consider the same example as a spark application.

Sample Input

The following text is the input data and the file named is in.txt.

people are not as beautiful as they look, 
as they walk or as they talk. 
they are only as beautiful  as they love, 
as they care as they share.

Look at the following program −

SparkWordCount.scala

import org.apache.spark.SparkContext 
import org.apache.spark.SparkContext._ 
import org.apache.spark._  

object SparkWordCount { 
   def main(args: Array[String]) { 

      val sc = new SparkContext( "local", "Word Count", "/usr/local/spark", Nil, Map(), Map()) 
		
      /* local = master URL; Word Count = application name; */  
      /* /usr/local/spark = Spark Home; Nil = jars; Map = environment */ 
      /* Map = variables to work nodes */ 
      /*creating an inputRDD to read text file (in.txt) through Spark context*/ 
      val input = sc.textFile("in.txt") 
      /* Transform the inputRDD into countRDD */ 
		
      valcount = input.flatMap(line ⇒ line.split(" ")) 
      .map(word ⇒ (word, 1)) 
      .reduceByKey(_ + _) 
       
      /* saveAsTextFile method is an action that effects on the RDD */  
      count.saveAsTextFile("outfile") 
      System.out.println("OK"); 
   } 
} 

Save the above program into a file named SparkWordCount.scala and place it in a user-defined directory named spark-application.

Note − While transforming the inputRDD into countRDD, we are using flatMap() for tokenizing the lines (from text file) into words, map() method for counting the word frequency and reduceByKey() method for counting each word repetition.

Use the following steps to submit this application. Execute all steps in the spark-application directory through the terminal.

Step 1: Download Spark Ja

Spark core jar is required for compilation, therefore, download spark-core_2.10-1.3.0.jar from the following link Spark core jar and move the jar file from download directory to spark-application directory.

Step 2: Compile program

Compile the above program using the command given below. This command should be executed from the spark-application directory. Here, /usr/local/spark/lib/spark-assembly-1.4.0-hadoop2.6.0.jar is a Hadoop support jar taken from Spark library.

$ scalac -classpath "spark-core_2.10-1.3.0.jar:/usr/local/spark/lib/spark-assembly-1.4.0-hadoop2.6.0.jar" SparkPi.scala

Step 3: Create a JAR

Create a jar file of the spark application using the following command. Here, wordcount is the file name for jar file.

jar -cvf wordcount.jar SparkWordCount*.class spark-core_2.10-1.3.0.jar/usr/local/spark/lib/spark-assembly-1.4.0-hadoop2.6.0.jar

Step 4: Submit spark application

Submit the spark application using the following command −

spark-submit --class SparkWordCount --master local wordcount.jar

If it is executed successfully, then you will find the output given below. The OK letting in the following output is for user identification and that is the last line of the program. If you carefully read the following output, you will find different things, such as −

  • successfully started service 'sparkDriver' on port 42954
  • MemoryStore started with capacity 267.3 MB
  • Started SparkUI at http://192.168.1.217:4040
  • Added JAR file:/home/hadoop/piapplication/count.jar
  • ResultStage 1 (saveAsTextFile at SparkPi.scala:11) finished in 0.566 s
  • Stopped Spark web UI at http://192.168.1.217:4040
  • MemoryStore cleared
15/07/08 13:56:04 INFO Slf4jLogger: Slf4jLogger started 
15/07/08 13:56:04 INFO Utils: Successfully started service 'sparkDriver' on port 42954. 
15/07/08 13:56:04 INFO Remoting: Remoting started; listening on addresses :[akka.tcp://sparkDriver@192.168.1.217:42954] 
15/07/08 13:56:04 INFO MemoryStore: MemoryStore started with capacity 267.3 MB 
15/07/08 13:56:05 INFO HttpServer: Starting HTTP Server 
15/07/08 13:56:05 INFO Utils: Successfully started service 'HTTP file server' on port 56707. 
15/07/08 13:56:06 INFO SparkUI: Started SparkUI at http://192.168.1.217:4040 
15/07/08 13:56:07 INFO SparkContext: Added JAR file:/home/hadoop/piapplication/count.jar at http://192.168.1.217:56707/jars/count.jar with timestamp 1436343967029 
15/07/08 13:56:11 INFO Executor: Adding file:/tmp/spark-45a07b83-42ed-42b3b2c2-823d8d99c5af/userFiles-df4f4c20-a368-4cdd-a2a7-39ed45eb30cf/count.jar to class loader 
15/07/08 13:56:11 INFO HadoopRDD: Input split: file:/home/hadoop/piapplication/in.txt:0+54 
15/07/08 13:56:12 INFO Executor: Finished task 0.0 in stage 0.0 (TID 0). 2001 bytes result sent to driver 
 (MapPartitionsRDD[5] at saveAsTextFile at SparkPi.scala:11), which is now runnable 
15/07/08 13:56:12 INFO DAGScheduler: Submitting 1 missing tasks from ResultStage 1 (MapPartitionsRDD[5] at saveAsTextFile at SparkPi.scala:11) 
15/07/08 13:56:13 INFO DAGScheduler: ResultStage 1 (saveAsTextFile at SparkPi.scala:11) finished in 0.566 s 
15/07/08 13:56:13 INFO DAGScheduler: Job 0 finished: saveAsTextFile at SparkPi.scala:11, took 2.892996 s
OK 
15/07/08 13:56:13 INFO SparkContext: Invoking stop() from shutdown hook 
15/07/08 13:56:13 INFO SparkUI: Stopped Spark web UI at http://192.168.1.217:4040 
15/07/08 13:56:13 INFO DAGScheduler: Stopping DAGScheduler 
15/07/08 13:56:14 INFO MapOutputTrackerMasterEndpoint: MapOutputTrackerMasterEndpoint stopped! 
15/07/08 13:56:14 INFO Utils: path = /tmp/spark-45a07b83-42ed-42b3-b2c2823d8d99c5af/blockmgr-ccdda9e3-24f6-491b-b509-3d15a9e05818, already present as root for deletion. 
15/07/08 13:56:14 INFO MemoryStore: MemoryStore cleared 
15/07/08 13:56:14 INFO BlockManager: BlockManager stopped 
15/07/08 13:56:14 INFO BlockManagerMaster: BlockManagerMaster stopped 
15/07/08 13:56:14 INFO SparkContext: Successfully stopped SparkContext 
15/07/08 13:56:14 INFO Utils: Shutdown hook called 
15/07/08 13:56:14 INFO Utils: Deleting directory /tmp/spark-45a07b83-42ed-42b3b2c2-823d8d99c5af 
15/07/08 13:56:14 INFO OutputCommitCoordinator$OutputCommitCoordinatorEndpoint: OutputCommitCoordinator stopped!  

Step 5: Checking output

After successful execution of the program, you will find the directory named outfile in the spark-application directory.

The following commands are used for opening and checking the list of files in the outfile directory.

$ cd outfile 
$ ls 
Part-00000 part-00001 _SUCCESS

The commands for checking output in part-00000 file are −

$ cat part-00000 
(people,1) 
(are,2) 
(not,1) 
(as,8) 
(beautiful,2) 
(they, 7) 
(look,1)

The commands for checking output in part-00001 file are −

$ cat part-00001 
(walk, 1) 
(or, 1) 
(talk, 1) 
(only, 1) 
(love, 1) 
(care, 1) 
(share, 1)

Go through the following section to know more about the ‘spark-submit’ command.

Spark-submit Syntax

spark-submit [options] <app jar | python file> [app arguments]

Options

S.No Option Description
1 --master spark://host:port, mesos://host:port, yarn, or local.
2 --deploy-mode Whether to launch the driver program locally ("client") or on one of the worker machines inside the cluster ("cluster") (Default: client).
3 --class Your application's main class (for Java / Scala apps).
4 --name A name of your application.
5 --jars Comma-separated list of local jars to include on the driver and executor classpaths.
6 --packages Comma-separated list of maven coordinates of jars to include on the driver and executor classpaths.
7 --repositories Comma-separated list of additional remote repositories to search for the maven coordinates given with --packages.
8 --py-files Comma-separated list of .zip, .egg, or .py files to place on the PYTHON PATH for Python apps.
9 --files Comma-separated list of files to be placed in the working directory of each executor.
10 --conf (prop=val) Arbitrary Spark configuration property.
11 --properties-file Path to a file from which to load extra properties. If not specified, this will look for conf/spark-defaults.
12 --driver-memory Memory for driver (e.g. 1000M, 2G) (Default: 512M).
13 --driver-java-options Extra Java options to pass to the driver.
14 --driver-library-path Extra library path entries to pass to the driver.
15 --driver-class-path

Extra class path entries to pass to the driver.

Note that jars added with --jars are automatically included in the classpath.

16 --executor-memory Memory per executor (e.g. 1000M, 2G) (Default: 1G).
17 --proxy-user User to impersonate when submitting the application.
18 --help, -h Show this help message and exit.
19 --verbose, -v Print additional debug output.
20 --version Print the version of current Spark.
21 --driver-cores NUM Cores for driver (Default: 1).
22 --supervise If given, restarts the driver on failure.
23 --kill If given, kills the driver specified.
24 --status If given, requests the status of the driver specified.
25 --total-executor-cores Total cores for all executors.
26 --executor-cores Number of cores per executor. (Default : 1 in YARN mode, or all available cores on the worker in standalone mode).


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