Apache HttpClient - Http Get Request


Advertisements

The GET method is used to retrieve information from the given server using a given URI. Requests using GET should only retrieve data and should have no other effect on the data.

The HttpClient API provides a class named HttpGet which represents the get request method.

Follow the steps given below to send a get request using HttpClient library

Step 1 - Create a HttpClient object

The createDefault() method of the HttpClients class returns a CloseableHttpClient object, which is the base implementation of the HttpClient interface.

Using this method, create an HttpClient object as shown below −

CloseableHttpClient httpclient = HttpClients.createDefault();

Step 2 - Create an HttpGet Object

The HttpGet class represents the HTTPGET request which retrieves the information of the given server using a URI.

Create a HTTP GET request by instantiating this class. The constructor of this class accepts a String value representing the URI.

HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet("http://www.tutorialspoint.com/");

Step 3 - Execute the Get Request

The execute() method of the CloseableHttpClient class accepts a HttpUriRequest (interface) object (i.e. HttpGet, HttpPost, HttpPut, HttpHead etc.) and returns a response object.

Execute the request using this method as shown below −

HttpResponse httpresponse = httpclient.execute(httpget);

Example

Following is an example which demonstrates the execution of the HTTP GET request using HttpClient library.

import java.util.Scanner;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;

public class HttpGetExample {
 
   public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception{
 
      //Creating a HttpClient object
      CloseableHttpClient httpclient = HttpClients.createDefault();

      //Creating a HttpGet object
      HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet("https://www.tutorialspoint.com/ ");

      //Printing the method used
      System.out.println("Request Type: "+httpget.getMethod());

      //Executing the Get request
      HttpResponse httpresponse = httpclient.execute(httpget);

      Scanner sc = new Scanner(httpresponse.getEntity().getContent());

      //Printing the status line
      System.out.println(httpresponse.getStatusLine());
      while(sc.hasNext()) {
         System.out.println(sc.nextLine());
      }
   }
} 

Output

The above program generates the following output −

Request Type: GET
<!DOCTYPE html>
<!--[if IE 8]><html class = "ie ie8"> <![endif]-->
<!--[if IE 9]><html class = "ie ie9"> <![endif]-->
<!--[if gt IE 9]><!-->
<html lang = "en-US"> <!--<![endif]-->
<head>
<!-- Basic -->
<meta charset = "utf-8">
<title>Parallax Scrolling, Java Cryptography, YAML, Python Data Science, Java
i18n, GitLab, TestRail, VersionOne, DBUtils, Common CLI, Seaborn, Ansible,
LOLCODE, Current Affairs 2018, Apache Commons Collections</title>
<meta name = "Description" content = "Parallax Scrolling, Java Cryptography, YAML,
Python Data Science, Java i18n, GitLab, TestRail, VersionOne, DBUtils, Common
CLI, Seaborn, Ansible, LOLCODE, Current Affairs 2018, Intellij Idea, Apache
Commons Collections, Java 9, GSON, TestLink, Inter Process Communication (IPC),
Logo, PySpark, Google Tag Manager, Free IFSC Code, SAP Workflow"/>
<meta name = "Keywords" content = "Python Data Science, Java i18n, GitLab,
TestRail, VersionOne, DBUtils, Common CLI, Seaborn, Ansible, LOLCODE, Gson,
TestLink, Inter Process Communication (IPC), Logo"/>
<meta http-equiv = "X-UA-Compatible" content = "IE = edge">
<meta name = "viewport" content = "width = device-width,initial-scale = 1.0,userscalable = yes">
<link href = "https://cdn.muicss.com/mui-0.9.39/extra/mui-rem.min.css"
rel = "stylesheet" type = "text/css" />
<link rel = "stylesheet" href="/questions/css/home.css?v = 3" />
<script src = "/questions/js/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src = "/questions/js/fontawesome.js"></script>
<script src = "https://cdn.muicss.com/mui-0.9.39/js/mui.min.js"></script>
</head>
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
</script>
</body>
</html>
Advertisements