Apache Ant Tasks - Copy


Description

Copy task copies a file/resource collection to a new file or directory. Files are only copied if the source file is newer than the destination file, or when the destination file does not exist.

Properties

Sr.No Attributes & Description
1

File

The file to copy. (Mandatory)

2

Preservelastmodified

Give the copied files the same last modified time as the original source files.

3

Tofile

The file to copy to.

4

Todir

The directory to copy to.

5

Overwrite

Overwrite existing files even if the destination files are newer.

6

Force

Overwrite read-only destination files.

7

Filtering

Indicates whether token filtering using the global build-file filters should take place during the copy.

8

Flatten

Ignore the directory structure of the source files, and copy all files into the directory specified by the todir attribute.

9

includeEmptyDirs

Copy any empty directories included in the FileSet(s).

10

Failonerror

If false, log a warning message, but do not stop the build, when the file to copy does not exist or one of the nested filesets points to a directory that doesn't exist or an error occurs while copying.

11

Quiet

If true and failonerror is false, then do not log a warning message when the file to copy does not exist or one of the nested filesets points to a directory that doesn't exist or an error occurs while copying.

12

Verbose

Log the files that are being copied.

13

Encoding

The encoding to assume when filter-copying the files.

14

Outputencoding

The encoding to use when writing the files.

15

Enablemultiplemappings

If true the task will process to all the mappings for a given source path. If false the task will only process the first file or directory. This attribute is only relevant if there is a mapper subelement.

16

Granularity

The number of milliseconds leeway to give before deciding a file is out of date. This is needed because not every file system supports tracking the last modified time to the millisecond level. This can also be useful if source and target files live on separate machines with clocks being out of sync.

Example

Usage

Create build.xml with the following content −

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<project name="TutorialPoint" default="info">
   <target name="info">
      <copy file="text.txt" tofile="textcopy.txt"></copy>
   </target>
</project>

Above script will copy a file say text.txt in the current directory as textcopy.txt.

Output

Running Ant on the above build file produces the following output −

F:\tutorialspoint\ant>ant
Buildfile: F:\tutorialspoint\ant\build.xml

info:
   [echo] Copying 1 file to F:\tutorialspoint\ant

BUILD SUCCESSFUL
Total time: 1 second
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