Angular Material - Layouts


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Layout Directive

Layout directive on a container element is used to specify the layout direction for its children. Following are the assignable values for the Layout Directive −

  • row − Items are arranged horizontally with max-height = 100% and max-width is the width of the items in the container.

  • column − Items are arranged vertically with max-width = 100% and max-height is the height of the items in the container.

For responsive design such as layout to be automatically changed depending upon the device screen size, the layout APIs listed in the following table can be used to set the layout direction for devices with view widths.

Sr.No API & Device width when breakpoint overrides default
1

layout

Sets default layout direction unless overridden by another breakpoint.

2

layout-xs

width < 600px

3

layout-gt-xs

width >= 600px

4

layout-sm

600px <= width < 960px

5

layout-gt-sm

width >= 960px

6

layout-md

960px <= width < 1280px

7

layout-gt-md

width >= 1280px

8

layout-lg

1280px <= width < 1920px

9

layout-gt-lg

width >= 1920px

10

layout-xl

width >= 1920px

Example

The following example shows the use of layout directive and also the uses of layout.

am_layouts.htm

<html lang = "en">
   <head>
      <link rel = "stylesheet"
         href = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angular_material/1.0.0/angular-material.min.css">
      <script src = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.4.8/angular.min.js"></script>
      <script src = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.4.8/angular-animate.min.js"></script>
      <script src = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.4.8/angular-aria.min.js"></script>
      <script src = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.4.8/angular-messages.min.js"></script>
      <script src = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angular_material/1.0.0/angular-material.min.js"></script>
      <link rel = "stylesheet" href = "https://fonts.googleapis.com/icon?family=Material+Icons">
      <style>
         .box {         
            color:white;
            padding:10px;
            text-align:center;
            border-style: inset;
         }
         
         .green {
            background:green;
         }
         
         .blue {
            background:blue;
         }
      </style>
      
      <script language = "javascript">
         angular
            .module('firstApplication', ['ngMaterial'])
            .controller('layoutController', layoutController);

         function layoutController ($scope) {            
         }	  
      </script>      
   </head>
   
   <body ng-app = "firstApplication"> 
      <div id = "layoutContainer" ng-controller = "layoutController as ctrl"
         style = "height:100px;" ng-cloak>
         <div layout = "row" layout-xs = "column">
            <div flex class = "green box">Row 1: Item 1</div>
            <div flex = "20" class = "blue box">Row 1: Item 2</div>
         </div>
         
         <div layout = "column" layout-xs = "column">
            <div flex = "33" class = "green box">Column 1: item 1</div>
            <div flex = "66" class = "blue box">Column 1: item 2</div>
         </div>
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

Result

Verify the result.

Flex Directive

The flex directive on a container element is used to customize the size and position of the elements. It defines the way how the element is to adjust its size with respect to its parent container and the other elements within the container. Following are the assignable values for the flex directive −

  • multiples of 5 − 5, 10, 15 ... 100

  • 33 − 33%

  • 66 − 66%

Example

The following example shows the use of the flex directive and also the uses of flex.

am_flex.htm

<html lang = "en">
   <head>
      <link rel = "stylesheet"
         href = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angular_material/1.0.0/angular-material.min.css">
      <script src = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.4.8/angular.min.js"></script>
      <script src = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.4.8/angular-animate.min.js"></script>
      <script src = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.4.8/angular-aria.min.js"></script>
      <script src = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.4.8/angular-messages.min.js"></script>
      <script src = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angular_material/1.0.0/angular-material.min.js"></script>
      <link rel = "stylesheet" href = "https://fonts.googleapis.com/icon?family=Material+Icons">
      
      <style>
         .box {         
            color:white;
            padding:10px;
            text-align:center;
            border-style: inset;
         }
         
         .green {
            background:green;
         }
         
         .blue {
            background:blue;
         }
      </style>
      
      <script language = "javascript">
         angular
            .module('firstApplication', ['ngMaterial'])
            .controller('layoutController', layoutController);

         function layoutController ($scope) {            
         }	  
      </script>      
   </head>
   
   <body ng-app = "firstApplication"> 
      <div id = "layoutContainer" ng-controller = "layoutController as ctrl"
         layout = "row" style = "height:100px;" ng-cloak layout-wrap>
         <div flex = "30" class = "green box">
            [flex = "30"]
         </div>
         
         <div flex = "45" class = "blue box">
            [flex = "45"]
         </div>
         
         <div flex = "25" class = "green box">
            [flex = "25"]
         </div>
         
         <div flex = "33" class = "green box">
            [flex = "33"]
         </div>
         
         <div flex = "66" class = "blue box">
            [flex = "66"]
         </div>
         
         <div flex = "50" class = "blue box">
            [flex = "50"]
         </div>
         
         <div flex class = "green box">
            [flex]
         </div>
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

Result

Verify the result.



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