Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids constitute an important class of organic compounds. These compounds are characterized by carbonyl functional group, which has carbon doubly bonded to oxygen atom and are obtained by varying the substituents attached to carbonyl group. These compounds find several applications in our day-to-day lives including food products, pharmaceuticals, flavour and fragrance additive and also play vital roles in various biochemical processes. In this chapter, we will learn structure and reactivity of carbonyl and carboxyl functional groups, methods of preparation, chemical reactions and uses of aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives.
This video has been prepared to address the curriculum requirements of 12th Class students. The concepts discussed will also find applications in several competitive examinations like JEE-Mains, NEET along with board examinations.