A 62 YEAR OLD LADY WITH INCREASING SHORTNESS OF BREATH
A 62 YEAR OLD LADY WITH INCREASING SHORTNESS OF BREATH : Clinical Features , Investigations and Management of Heart Failure and Its Differential Diagnosis
Updated on Nov, 2023
Language - English
Duration -48 mins
Congestive heart failure, or heart failure, is a long-term condition in which your heart can’t pump blood well enough to meet your body’s needs. Your heart is still working. But because it can’t handle the amount of blood it should, blood builds up in other parts of your body. Most of the time, it collects in your lungs, legs and feet.
Think of it like a shipping department that can’t keep up with getting all the shipments where they need to go. The shipping department is always running behind and things pile up. When things pile up, they cause issues.
Types of congestive heart failure
Types of congestive heart failure include:
Left-sided heart failure.
Right-sided heart failure.
High-output heart failure. This is a rare type of congestive heart failure.
How common is congestive heart failure?
More than 6 million people in the United States have congestive heart failure. It’s the leading cause of hospitalization in people older than 65.
SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES
What are the congestive heart failure symptoms?
Congestive heart failure symptoms include:
Shortness of breath.
Waking up short of breath at night.
Fatigue when you’re active.
Swelling in your ankles, legs and abdomen.
Need to urinate while resting at night.
A dry, hacking cough.
A full (bloated) or hard stomach.
Loss of appetite or upset stomach (nausea)
What causes congestive heart failure?
Causes of congestive heart failure include:
Coronary artery disease and/or heart attack.
Cardiomyopathy (genetic or viral).
Heart issues present at birth (congenital heart disease).
High blood pressure (hypertension).
A body mass index (BMI) higher than 30.
Tobacco and recreational drug use.
Medications such as cancer drugs (chemotherapy).
Left-sided heart failure is the most common cause of right-sided heart failure. When your left ventricle isn’t working correctly, it allows blood to back up. At some point, this backup affects your right ventricle. Other causes include certain lung problems and issues in other organs.
What are the risk factors for congestive heart failure?
Risk factors for congestive heart failure include:
Being older than 65.
Using tobacco products, cocaine or alcohol.
Having an inactive (sedentary) lifestyle.
Eating foods that have a lot of salt and fat.
Having high blood pressure.
Having coronary artery disease.
Having a heart attack.
Having a family history of congestive heart failure.
What are the complications of congestive heart failure?
Some of the complications from congestive heart failure include:
Sudden cardiac arrest.
Heart valve problems.
A collection of fluid in your lungs.
What will you learn in this course:
Clinical Features , Investigations and Management of Heart Failure and Its Differential Diagnosis
What are the prerequisites for this course?
Aimed for Medical students and doctors in training.
Check out the detailed breakdown of what’s inside the course
Introduction and Case History
- Case History Introduction : A 62 YEAR OLD LADY WITH INCREASING SHORTNESS OF BREATH 08:46 08:46
Risk Factors and Causes of CCF
Stages of Congestive Cardiac Failure
Investigations of Congestive Cardiac Failure
Management of Congestive Cardiac Failure 1
Management of congestive cardiac failue 2
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