What is a neutralisation reaction? Give two examples.

AcademicChemistryNCERTClass 10

The reaction of an acid and a base, giving rise to the corresponding salt and water is called a neutralization reaction.
NaOH + HCl → NaCl + H2O
Mg(OH)2 + H2CO3 → MgCO3 + 2H2O

[Extra information: An acid is a molecule or substance that has a pH value of less than 7.0 when it is present in an aqueous solution. The term acid is derived from the Latin word acere which means sour.

Acids react with Bases to give Salt and Water. The Word Reaction is given as Acid + Base --> Salt + Water.

An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a proton, or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair. It turns blue litmus paper to red. Acid is a substance that contains hydrogen ions (H+). It do not give colour with phenolphthalein indicator and do not absorb carbon dioxide gas. Also, acids do not react with ammonium salt.

Natural Acids are the acids that occur in nature, such as acids present in fruits. Acids are generally found in Vinegar, Curd, Spinach, lemons, Citrus fruits, Amla, Tamarind, grapes, unripe mangoes, Citrus fruits such as oranges, etc.]

Updated on 10-Oct-2022 12:46:30