Test Documentation in Software Testing

Software TestingSoftware & CodingTesting Tools

What is Test Documentation?

Test documentation is the documentation of objects that get created before or after software testing. It assists the research team in removing testing commitment, test coverage, resource monitoring, implementation development, and so on. It is a complete set of documentation that enables you to define and keep track of test preparation, test design, test implementation, and test outcomes derived from testing activities.

This guide will teach you−

  • What is Test Documentation?
  • What is the point of testing formality?
  • Test Documentation Examples
  • Best Practices for Obtaining Test Documentation
  • Benefits of Test Documentation
  • The Drawbacks in Test Documentation

What is the point of testing formality?

For a newcomer, it's natural to think to test as running components of code ad hoc and checking the outcome. Though in the modern world, testing is considered a very structured procedure, that is carefully recorded. Test documentation simplifies and verifies research preparation, analysis, and implementation.

The level of formality of the test is determined by−

  • The kind of application being evaluated.
  • Your organization's policies and procedures.
  • The production process's maturity

Testing tasks usually take 30 to 50 percent of the work put into a software creation project. Documentation aids in the identification of Test procedure changes that can be extended to prospective programs to make them more efficient.

Test Documentation Examples

Below are some examples of significant types of test documentation−

Sr.No.Types of Testing & Description
1Test policy
It is a high-level guide that outlines the company's research concepts, processes, and other relevant testing objectives.
2Test strategy
A document that specifies the Test Levels (types) that will be carried out for the program.
3Test plan
A test plan is a comprehensive preparation guide that includes the scope, strategy, equipment, timetable, and other details about testing activities.
4Requirements Traceability Matrix
This is the guide that links the specifications to the test cases.
5Test Scenario
A test scenario is a software device object or situation that can be tested by one or more Test cases.
6Test case
It is a set of input values, execution preconditions, predicted execution postconditions, and outcomes. It was created for a test scenario.
7Test Data
Test Data is data that occurs prior to the execution of a test. It is used to carry out the test case.
8Defect Report
A defect report is a published report of any error in a Software System that causes it to fail to work as intended.
9Test summary report
A test summary report is a high-level report that outlines the study activities as well as the test results.

Best Practices for Obtaining Test Documentation

  • The QA team must be present in the project's early stages so that Test Documentation can be produced concurrently.
  • Don't just produce a document and then abandon it; instead, keep it up to date if required.
  • To monitor and register your records, use a version control
  • Attempt to log what is required for you to appreciate your job as well as what you will need to deliver for your clients.
  • For documents, you can use a standard example, such as an excel sheet or doc format files.
  • Keep all of the project-related documentation in one place. It should be open to all team members for reference and updating as appropriate.
  • A typical error when producing a test document is inadequate documentation of the steps and absence of information.

Benefits of Test Documentation

  • The primary justification for making research reports is to minimize or eliminate all uncertainty regarding research practices. Assists you in removing the uncertainty that often occurs when assigning assignments.
  • Not only does documentation include a comprehensive guide to software testing, but it also serves as educational content for newcomers to the software testing process.
  • It is also a strong marketing and business technique to display Test Documentation in order to demonstrate a mature testing methodology.
  • Test documentation enables you to have a high-quality, product for the customer within a set time frame.
  • In software engineering, test documentation often aids in the configuration or setup of the program through configuration documents and operator manuals.
  • Test documentation aids in enhancing transparency for the customer and accountability for the service provider.

The Drawbacks in Test Documentation

  • Since it takes a lot of time, the expense of the documentation, at times, can exceed its worth.
  • On many occasions, it is published by people who are unable to compose well or who are unfamiliar with the subject matter.
  • Regular monitoring of client-requested modifications and editing associated documents is time-consuming.
  • Poor documentation clearly represents the product's efficiency and it can lead to misunderstandings between the customer and the company.


  • Test documentation is documentation of objects generated prior to or after software testing.
  • The level of test formality is determined by
    • 1) the category of the application under test and
    • 2) the requirements adhered to by your company.
    • 3) the production process maturity.
  • Test policy, Test strategy, Test plan, Test case, and so on are examples of important types of Test Documents.
  • The QA team must be present in the project's early stages so that Test Documentation can be produced concurrently
  • The primary justification for making test documentation is to minimize or eliminate all uncertainty regarding testing practices.
  • Since it consumes a lot of time, the expense of the documentation can exceed its worth.
Published on 13-May-2021 12:13:23