Perform conditional upserts or updates in MongoDB

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

For conditional upserts or updates, you can use $max operator. Let us first create a collection with documents

>db.conditionalUpdatesDemo.insertOne({"_id":100,"StudentFirstScore":89,"StudentSecondScore":78,"BiggestScore":89});
{ "acknowledged" : true, "insertedId" : 100 }
>db.conditionalUpdatesDemo.insertOne({"_id":101,"StudentFirstScore":305,"StudentSecondScore":560,"BiggestScore":1050});
{ "acknowledged" : true, "insertedId" : 101 }
>db.conditionalUpdatesDemo.insertOne({"_id":103,"StudentFirstScore":560,"StudentSecondScore":789,"BiggestScore":880});
{ "acknowledged" : true, "insertedId" : 103 }
Following is the query to display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method:
> db.conditionalUpdatesDemo.find().pretty();

This will produce the following output

{
   "_id" : 100,
   "StudentFirstScore" : 89,
   "StudentSecondScore" : 78,
   "BiggestScore" : 89
}
{
   "_id" : 101,
   "StudentFirstScore" : 305,
   "StudentSecondScore" : 560,
   "BiggestScore" : 1050
}
{
   "_id" : 103,
   "StudentFirstScore" : 560,
   "StudentSecondScore" : 789,
   "BiggestScore" : 880
}

Following is the query for conditional upserts or updates in MongoDB

> db.conditionalUpdatesDemo.update( { _id: 100 }, { $max: { "BiggestScore": 150 } } );
WriteResult({ "nMatched" : 1, "nUpserted" : 0, "nModified" : 1 })

Let us check the field “BiggestScore” is updated with value 150 or not for _id 100

> db.conditionalUpdatesDemo.find().pretty();

This will produce the following output

{
   "_id" : 100,
   "StudentFirstScore" : 89,
   "StudentSecondScore" : 78,
   "BiggestScore" : 150
}
{
   "_id" : 101,
   "StudentFirstScore" : 305,
   "StudentSecondScore" : 560,
   "BiggestScore" : 1050
}
{
   "_id" : 103,
   "StudentFirstScore" : 560,
   "StudentSecondScore" : 789,
   "BiggestScore" : 880
}
raja
Published on 11-Apr-2019 11:39:12
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