JDBC - setSavepoint, releaseSavepoint Example


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Following is the example, which makes use of setSavepoint and rollback described in the Transaction tutorial.

This sample code has been written based on the environment and database setup done in the previous chapters.

Copy and paste the following example in JDBCExample.java, compile and run as follows −

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Savepoint;
import java.sql.Statement;

public class JDBCExample {
   static final String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/TUTORIALSPOINT";
   static final String USER = "guest";
   static final String PASS = "guest123";
   static final String QUERY = "SELECT id, first, last, age FROM Employees";
   static final String DELETE_QUERY = "DELETE FROM Employees WHERE ID = 8";
   static final String DELETE_QUERY_1 = "DELETE FROM Employees WHERE ID = 9";

   public static void printResultSet(ResultSet rs) throws SQLException{
      // Ensure we start with first row
      rs.beforeFirst();
      while(rs.next()){
         // Display values
         System.out.print("ID: " + rs.getInt("id"));
         System.out.print(", Age: " + rs.getInt("age"));
         System.out.print(", First: " + rs.getString("first"));
         System.out.println(", Last: " + rs.getString("last"));
      }
      System.out.println();
   }

   public static void main(String[] args) {
      // Open a connection
      try(Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS);
         Statement stmt = conn.createStatement(
            ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_INSENSITIVE,
            ResultSet.CONCUR_UPDATABLE);				
      ) {		

         conn.setAutoCommit(false);
         ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(QUERY);
         System.out.println("List result set for reference....");
         printResultSet(rs);

         // delete row having ID = 8
         // But save point before doing so.
         Savepoint savepoint1 = conn.setSavepoint("ROWS_DELETED_1");
         System.out.println("Deleting row....");
         stmt.executeUpdate(DELETE_QUERY);  
         // Rollback the changes after save point 1.
         conn.rollback(savepoint1);

         // delete rows having ID = 9
         // But save point before doing so.
         conn.setSavepoint("ROWS_DELETED_2");
         System.out.println("Deleting row....");

         stmt.executeUpdate(DELETE_QUERY_1);  

         rs = stmt.executeQuery(QUERY);
         System.out.println("List result set for reference....");
         printResultSet(rs);

         // Clean-up environment
         rs.close();

      } catch (SQLException e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      } 
   }
}

Now, let us compile the above example as follows −

C:\>javac JDBCExample.java
C:\>

When you run JDBCExample, it produces the following result −

C:\>java JDBCExample
List result set for reference....
ID: 1, Age: 23, First: Zara, Last: Ali
ID: 2, Age: 30, First: Mahnaz, Last: Fatma
ID: 3, Age: 35, First: Zaid, Last: Khan
ID: 4, Age: 33, First: Sumit, Last: Mittal
ID: 5, Age: 40, First: John, Last: Paul
ID: 7, Age: 20, First: Sita, Last: Singh
ID: 8, Age: 20, First: Rita, Last: Tez
ID: 9, Age: 20, First: Sita, Last: Singh

Deleting row....
Deleting row....
List result set for reference....
ID: 1, Age: 23, First: Zara, Last: Ali
ID: 2, Age: 30, First: Mahnaz, Last: Fatma
ID: 3, Age: 35, First: Zaid, Last: Khan
ID: 4, Age: 33, First: Sumit, Last: Mittal
ID: 5, Age: 40, First: John, Last: Paul
ID: 7, Age: 20, First: Sita, Last: Singh
ID: 8, Age: 20, First: Rita, Last: Tez
C:\>
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