In $ \triangle \mathrm{ABC}, \mathrm{AD} $ is the perpendicular bisector of $ \mathrm{BC} $ (see Fig. 7.30). Show that $ \triangle \mathrm{ABC} $ is an isosceles triangle in which $ \mathrm{AB}=\mathrm{AC} $.
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AcademicMathematicsNCERTClass 9

Given:

In $\triangle ABC, AD$ is the perpendicular bisector of $BC$.

To do:

We have to show that $\triangle ABC$ is an isosceles triangle in which  $AB=AC$.

Solution:

Let us consider $\triangle ADB$ and$\triangle ADC$,

We know that,

According to Rule of Side-Angle-Side Congruence:

Triangles are said to be congruent if any pair of corresponding sides and their included angles are equal in both triangles.

Since $AD$ is the common side of both the triangles,

We get,

$AD=DA$

This implies,

$\angle ADB= \angle ADC$

Since $AD$ is  a perpendicular bisector of $\triangle ABC$ we get,

$BD=CD$

Therefore,

$\triangle ADB \cong \triangle ADC$

We also know 

From corresponding parts of congruent triangles: If two triangles are congruent, all of their corresponding  sides must be equal.

Therefore,

$AB=AC$.

raja
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:40:57

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