If all the waste we generate is biodegradable, will this have no impact on the environment?

AcademicBiologyNCERTClass 10

Waste can be biodegraded if produced in small quantities, but the environment has its own limitations if production is greater.

As all the waste will be unable to degrade soon, it will cause harm to the existing organisms and the environment. Dumped and collected garbage of biodegradable waste can be the best breeding place for mosquitoes and other insects which can cause diseases.

If biodegradable waste flows into the sewage, it can block drainage and can cause unhygienic conditions along with the emission of foul-smelling gases.

Biodegradable Wastes: Those waste materials which can be broken down to non-poisonous substances in nature by the action of microorganisms (like bacteria) are called biodegradable wastes.
  • They get recycled and therefore do not require dumping sites.
  • They do not cause any pollution to the soil.
  • Example: Paper, Wood, etc.
Non-Biodegradable Wastes: Those waste materials which cannot be broken down into non-poisonous substances in nature are called non-biodegradable wastes.
  • They cannot be recycled easily and therefore are to be dumped which requires a lot of space. This cause wastage of land.
  • The harmful chemicals leach out of these wastes when they are dumped in soil. This leads to soil pollution.
  • Example: DDT, Plastic, and Polythene bags.
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:19:05