How would you distinguish experimentally between an alcohol and a carboxylic acid?

AcademicChemistryNCERTClass 10

The carboxylic acid can be distinguished from alcohol by performing the following tests:
  • Test with NaHCO3 solution in water: By adding carboxylic acid to baking soda, carbon dioxide is liberated with brisk effervescence. On adding a solution of baking soda to alcohol, no brisk effervescence occurs.
  • Test with blue litmus solution: Carboxylic acid turns blue litmus red. There is no change in colour when a blue litmus solution is added to alcohol.
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 12:47:16