How to switch between different Activities in Android using Kotlin?

Kotlin Apps/ApplicationsMobile DevelopmentAndroid

This example demonstrates how to switch between different Activities in Android using Kotlin.

Step 1 − Create a new project in Android Studio, go to File? New Project and fill all required details to create a new project.

Step 2 − Add the following code to res/layout/activity_main.xml.

Example

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="match_parent"
   tools:context=".MainActivity">
<TextView
   android:layout_width="wrap_content"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
   android:layout_marginTop="40dp"
   android:textColor="@android:color/holo_purple"
   android:text="MainActivity"
   android:textSize="24sp"
   android:textStyle="bold" />
<Button
   android:id="@+id/btnOpenAct2"
   android:layout_width="wrap_content"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:layout_centerInParent="true"
   android:text="Open Second Activity" />
</RelativeLayout>

Step 3 − Add the following code to src/MainActivity.kt

import android.content.Intent
import android.os.Bundle
import android.widget.Button
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
   override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
      title = "KotlinApp"
      val button:Button = findViewById(R.id.btnOpenAct2)
      button.setOnClickListener {
         val intent = Intent(this@MainActivity, NewActivity::class.java)
         startActivity(intent)
      }
   }
}

Step 4 − Create a new empty Activity and add the following code −

NewActivity.main

import android.content.Intent
import android.os.Bundle
import android.widget.Button
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
class NewActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
   override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_new)
      title = "KotlinApp" val button: Button = findViewById(R.id.btnOpenMain)
      button.setOnClickListener {
         val i = Intent(this@NewActivity, MainActivity::class.java)
         startActivity(i)
      }
   }
}

activity_new.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="match_parent"
   tools:context=".MainActivity">
<TextView
   android:layout_width="wrap_content"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
   android:layout_marginTop="40dp"
   android:text="New Activity"
   android:textColor="@android:color/holo_green_dark"
   android:textSize="24sp"
   android:textStyle="bold" />
<Button
   android:id="@+id/btnOpenMain"
   android:layout_width="wrap_content"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:layout_centerInParent="true"
   android:text="Go back to MainActivity" />
</RelativeLayout>

Step 5 − Add the following code to androidManifest.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" package="com.example.q11">
   <application
      android:allowBackup="true"
      android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
      android:label="@string/app_name"
      android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
      android:supportsRtl="true"
      android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
      <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
         <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
         </intent-filter>
      </activity>
   </application>
</manifest>

Let's try to run your application. I assume you have connected your actual Android Mobile device withyour computer. To run the app from android studio, open one of your project's activity files and click the Run icon from the toolbar. Select your mobile device as an option and then check your mobile device which will display your default screen


raja
Published on 21-Jul-2020 08:22:12
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