How to make a ListView in android?

AndroidMobile DevelopmentProgramming

Before getting into listview example, we should know about listview, Listview is a collection of items pulled from arraylist, list or any databases. Most uses of listview is a collection of items in vertical format, we can scroll up/down and click on any item.

This example demonstrate about How to make a ListView in android.

Step 1 − Create a new project in Android Studio, go to File ⇒ New Project and fill all required details to create a new project.

Step 2 − Add the following code to res/layout/activity_main.xml.

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
   xmlns:android = "http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:tools = "http://schemas.android.com/tools" android:layout_width = "match_parent"
   android:layout_height = "match_parent">
<LinearLayout
   android:layout_width = "match_parent"
   android:layout_height = "match_parent"
   android:orientation = "vertical">
   <ListView
      android:id = "@+id/list"
      android:layout_width = "wrap_content"
      android:layout_height = "wrap_content"/>
</LinearLayout>
</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>

In the above activity_main.xml, we have declared a listview.

Step 3 − Add the following code to src/MainActivity.java.

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.Spinner;
import android.widget.Toast;
import java.util.ArrayList;
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
   @Override
   protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
      final ListView list = findViewById(R.id.list);
      ArrayList<String> arrayList = new ArrayList<>();
      arrayList.add("JAVA");
      arrayList.add("ANDROID");
      arrayList.add("C Language");
      arrayList.add("CPP Language");
      arrayList.add("Go Language");
      arrayList.add("AVN SYSTEMS");
      ArrayAdapter<String> arrayAdapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(this,                   android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1, arrayList);
      list.setAdapter(arrayAdapter);
      list.setOnItemClickListener(new AdapterView.OnItemClickListener() {
         @Override
         public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int position, long id) {
            String clickedItem=(String) list.getItemAtPosition(position);
            Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,clickedItem,Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
         }
      });
   }
}

In the mainActivity, we have stored list items in arraylist and added array to listview as shown below −

ArrayAdapter<String> arrayAdapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(this, android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1, arrayList);
list.setAdapter(arrayAdapter);

When you click on the list item it will shown name of the items for that we have added onItemclickListener as shown below −

list.setOnItemClickListener(new AdapterView.OnItemClickListener() {
   @Override
   public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int position, long id) {
      String clickedItem = (String) list.getItemAtPosition(position);
      Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,clickedItem,Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
   }
});

No need to change manifest file . Let's try to run your application. I assume you have connected your actual Android Mobile device with your computer. To run the app from android studio, open one of your project's activity files and click Run Play Icon icon from the toolbar. Select your mobile device as an option and then check your mobile device which will display your default screen.

Programming Languages

Now click on any item, it will show output as shown below.

CPP Language

Click here to download the project code

raja
Published on 05-Dec-2018 08:19:59
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