How to create paginating text in Android?

AndroidApps/ApplicationsMobile Development

This example demonstrates about How to create paginating text in Android.

Step 1 − Create a new project in Android Studio, go to File ⇒ New Project and fill all required details to create a new project.

Step 2 − Add the following code to res/layout/activity_main.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="match_parent"
   android:paddingLeft="16dp"
   android:paddingTop="16dp"
   android:paddingRight="16dp"
   android:paddingBottom="16dp">
   <LinearLayout
      android:layout_width="match_parent"
      android:layout_height="match_parent">
      <Button
         android:id="@+id/btn_back"
         style="?android:attr/buttonBarButtonStyle"
         android:layout_width="0dp"
         android:layout_height="match_parent"
         android:layout_weight="1"
         android:background="@android:color/transparent" />
      <Button
         android:id="@+id/btn_forward"
         style="?android:attr/buttonBarButtonStyle"
         android:layout_width="0dp"
         android:layout_height="match_parent"
         android:layout_weight="1"
         android:background="@android:color/transparent" />
   </LinearLayout>
   <TextView
      android:id="@+id/tv"
      android:layout_width="match_parent"
      android:layout_height="match_parent" />
</RelativeLayout>

Step 3 − Add the following code to src/MainActivity.java

package app.com.sample;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.graphics.Typeface;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.text.Html;
import android.text.Spannable;
import android.text.SpannableString;
import android.text.Spanned;
import android.text.TextUtils;
import android.text.style.ForegroundColorSpan;
import android.text.style.RelativeSizeSpan;
import android.text.style.StyleSpan;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewTreeObserver;
import android.widget.TextView;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
   private TextView mTextView;
   private Pagination mPagination;
   private CharSequence mText;
   private int mCurrentIndex = 0;
   @Override
   protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
      mTextView = findViewById(R.id.tv);
      Spanned htmlString = Html.fromHtml(getString(R.string.html_string));
      Spannable spanString = new SpannableString(getString(R.string.long_string));
      spanString.setSpan(new ForegroundColorSpan(Color.BLUE), 0, 24, Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE);
      spanString.setSpan(new RelativeSizeSpan(2f), 0, 24, Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE);
      spanString.setSpan(new StyleSpan(Typeface.MONOSPACE.getStyle()), 0, 24, Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE);
      spanString.setSpan(new ForegroundColorSpan(Color.BLUE), 700, spanString.length(), Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE);
      spanString.setSpan(new RelativeSizeSpan(2f), 700, spanString.length(), Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE);
      spanString.setSpan(new StyleSpan(Typeface.MONOSPACE.getStyle()), 700, spanString.length(), Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE);
      mText = TextUtils.concat(htmlString, spanString);
      mTextView.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
         @Override
         public void onGlobalLayout() {
            // Removing layout listener to avoid multiple calls
            mTextView.getViewTreeObserver().removeOnGlobalLayoutListener(this);
            mPagination = new Pagination(
               mText, mTextView.getWidth(),
               mTextView.getHeight(),
               mTextView.getPaint(),
               mTextView.getLineSpacingMultiplier(),
               mTextView.getLineSpacingExtra(),
               mTextView.getIncludeFontPadding());
            update();
         }
      });
      findViewById(R.id.btn_back).setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
         @Override
         public void onClick(View view) {
            mCurrentIndex = (mCurrentIndex > 0) ? mCurrentIndex - 1 : 0;
            update();
         }
      });
      findViewById(R.id.btn_forward).setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
         @Override
         public void onClick(View view) {
            mCurrentIndex = (mCurrentIndex < mPagination.size() - 1) ? mCurrentIndex + 1 : mPagination.size() - 1;
            update();
         }
      });
   }  
   private void update() {
      final CharSequence text = mPagination.get(mCurrentIndex);
      if (text != null) mTextView.setText(text);
   }
}

Step 4 − Add the following code to src/Pagination.java

package app.com.sample;
import android.text.Layout;
import android.text.StaticLayout;
import android.text.TextPaint;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
class Pagination {
   private final boolean mIncludePad;
   private final int mWidth;
   private final int mHeight;
   private final float mSpacingMult;
   private final float mSpacingAdd;
   private final CharSequence mText;
   private final TextPaint mPaint;
   private final List<CharSequence> mPages;
   Pagination(CharSequence text, int pageW, int pageH, TextPaint paint, float spacingMult, float spacingAdd, boolean inclidePad) {
      this.mText = text;
      this.mWidth = pageW;
      this.mHeight = pageH;
      this.mPaint = paint;
      this.mSpacingMult = spacingMult;
      this.mSpacingAdd = spacingAdd;
      this.mIncludePad = inclidePad;
      this.mPages = new ArrayList<>();
      layout();
   }
   private void layout() {
      final StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(mText, mPaint, mWidth, Layout.Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, mIncludePad);
      final int lines = layout.getLineCount();
      final CharSequence text = layout.getText();
      int startOffset = 0;
      int height = mHeight;
      for (int i = 0; i < lines; i++) {
         if (height < layout.getLineBottom(i)) {
            // When the layout height has been exceeded
            addPage(text.subSequence(startOffset, layout.getLineStart(i)));
            startOffset = layout.getLineStart(i);
            height = layout.getLineTop(i) + mHeight;
         }
         if (i == lines - 1) {
            // Put the rest of the text into the last page
            addPage(text.subSequence(startOffset, layout.getLineEnd(i)));
            return;
         }
      }
   }
   private void addPage(CharSequence text) {
      mPages.add(text);
   }
   int size() {
      return mPages.size();
   }
   CharSequence get(int index) {
      return (index >= 0 && index < mPages.size()) ? mPages.get(index) : null;
   }
}

Step 5 − Add the following code to androidManifest.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" package="app.com.sample">
   <application
      android:allowBackup="true"
      android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
      android:label="@string/app_name"
      android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
      android:supportsRtl="true"
      android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
      <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
         <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
         </intent-filter>
      </activity>
   </application>
</manifest>

Let's try to run your application. I assume you have connected your actual Android Mobile device with your computer. To run the app from android studio, open one of your project's activity files and click Run  icon from the toolbar. Select your mobile device as an option and then check your mobile device which will display your default screen −


Click here to download the project code.

raja
Published on 31-Jul-2019 14:43:08
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