How to check if data is NULL in MySQL?

MySQLMySQLi Database

You can use IF() to check if data is NULL.  Let us first create a table −

mysql> create table DemoTable
(
   Id int NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
   Name varchar(200),
   Age int
);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.44 sec)

Insert records in the table using insert command −

mysql> insert into DemoTable(Name,Age) values('John',23);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.12 sec)
mysql> insert into DemoTable(Name,Age) values('Sam',null);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.12 sec)
mysql> insert into DemoTable(Name,Age) values('Mike',23);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.20 sec)
mysql> insert into DemoTable(Name,Age) values('David',21);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.21 sec)
mysql> insert into DemoTable(Name,Age) values('Carol',null);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.13 sec)

Display records from the table using select command −

mysql> select *from DemoTable;

This will produce the following output −

+----+-------+------+
| Id | Name  | Age  |
+----+-------+------+
| 1  | John  | 23   |
| 2  | Sam   | NULL |
| 3  | Mike  | 23   |
| 4  | David | 21   |
| 5  | Carol | NULL |
+----+-------+------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Here is the query to check if data is NULL or not. This adds a message wherever NULL in the record is visible −

mysql> select if(Age IS NULL,'Age is missing',Age) from DemoTable;

This will produce the following output −

+--------------------------------------+
| if(Age IS NULL,'Age is missing',Age) |
+--------------------------------------+
| 23                                   |
| Age is missing                       |
| 23                                   |
| 21                                   |
| Age is missing                       |
+--------------------------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)
raja
Published on 29-Apr-2019 11:53:52
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