How to change colors of a Drawable in Android?


This example demonstrates how to change the colors of a Drawable in Android.

Step 1 − Create a new project in Android Studio, go to File ⇒ New Project and fill all required details to create a new project.

Step 2 − Add the following code to res/layout/activity_main.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
   xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="match_parent"
   android:background="@drawable/background"
   android:id="@+id/activity_main"
   android:orientation="vertical"
   tools:context=".MainActivity"
   tools:ignore="InvalidId">
</LinearLayout>

Step 3 − Add the following code to src/MainActivity.java

package com.app.sample;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.graphics.drawable.AnimationDrawable;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
   @Override
   protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
      LinearLayout your_Layout = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.activity_main);
      AnimationDrawable animationDrawable = (AnimationDrawable) your_Layout.getBackground();
      animationDrawable.setEnterFadeDuration(4000);
      animationDrawable.setExitFadeDuration(4000);
      animationDrawable.start();
   }
}

Step 4 − Add the following code to res/drawable/background.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<animation-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
   <item
      android:drawable="@drawable/gradient1"
      android:duration="4000" />
   <item
      android:drawable="@drawable/gradient2"
      android:duration="4000" />
</animation-list>

Step 5 − Add the following code to res/drawable/gradient1.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
   <gradient android:angle="225" android:endColor="#044fab" android:startColor="#21d6d3" />
</shape>

Step 6 − Add the following code to res/drawable/gradient2.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
   <gradient android:angle="45" android:endColor="#933c94" android:startColor="#517f95" />
</shape>

Step 7 − Add the following code to Manifests/AndroidManifest.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" package="com.app.sample">
   <application
      android:allowBackup="true"
      android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
      android:label="@string/app_name"
      android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
      android:supportsRtl="true"
      android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
      <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
         <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
         </intent-filter>
      </activity>
   </application>
</manifest>

Let's try to run your application. I assume you have connected your actual Android Mobile device with your computer. To run the app from the android studio, open one of your project's activity files and click Run  icon from the toolbar. Select your mobile device as an option and then check your mobile device which will display your default screen −

Click here to download the project code.

raja
Published on 15-Nov-2019 11:16:04
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