# Getting File Information in Perl

PERLServer Side ProgrammingProgramming Scripts

You can test certain features very quickly within Perl using a series of test operators known collectively as -X tests. For example, to perform a quick test of the various permissions on a file, you might use a script like this −

#/usr/bin/perl
my $file = "/usr/test/file1.txt"; my (@description,$size);
if (-e $file) { push @description, 'binary' if (-B _); push @description, 'a socket' if (-S _); push @description, 'a text file' if (-T _); push @description, 'a block special file' if (-b _); push @description, 'a character special file' if (-c _); push @description, 'a directory' if (-d _); push @description, 'executable' if (-x _); push @description, (($size = -s _)) ? "$size bytes" : 'empty'; print "$file is ", join(', ',@description),"\n";
}

Here is the list of features, which you can check for a file or directory −

Sr.NoOperator & Definition
1-A
Script start time minus file last access time, in days.
2-B
Is it a binary file?
3-C
Script start time minus file last inode change time, in days.
4-M
Script start time minus file modification time, in days.
5-O
Is the file owned by the real user ID?
6-R
Is the file readable by the real user ID or real group?
7-S
Is the file a socket?
8-T
Is it a text file?
9-W
Is the file writable by the real user ID or real group?
10-X
Is the file executable by the real user ID or real group?
11-b
Is it a block special file?
12-c
Is it a character special file?
13-d
Is the file a directory?
14-e
Does the file exist?
15-f
Is it a plain file?
16-g
Does the file have the setgid bit set?
17-k
Does the file have the sticky bit set?
18-l
Is the file a symbolic link?
19-o
Is the file owned by the effective user ID?
20-p
Is the file a named pipe?
21-r
Is the file readable by the effective user or group ID?
22-s
Returns the size of the file, zero size = empty file.
23-t
Is the filehandle opened by a TTY (terminal)?
24-u
Does the file have the setuid bit set?
25-w
Is the file writable by the effective user or group ID?
26-x
Is the file executable by the effective user or group ID?
27-z
Is the file size zero?
Published on 29-Nov-2019 10:29:21