Conditional statements in JavaScript

JavascriptWeb DevelopmentObject Oriented Programming

There are three types of conditional statements in JavaScript −

  • If statement − The if statement is used to execute code inside the if block only if the specific condition is met.
  • If else statement − The If….Else statement is used to check only two conditions and execute different codes for each of them.
  • If else if else statement − The if…else if…else statement is used for checking more than two conditions.

Following is the code to implement conditional statements in JavaScript −

Example

 Live Demo

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8" />
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
<title>Document</title>
<style>
   body {
      font-family: "Segoe UI", Tahoma, Geneva, Verdana, sans-serif;
   }
   .result {
      font-size: 20px;
      font-weight: 500;
      color: blueviolet;
   }
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Conditional statements in JavaScript</h1>
<input type="text" class="numInput" />
<button class="Btn">CHECK</button><br />
<div class="result"></div>
<h3>Click on the above button to see if the above number is divisible by 2,3 or both</h3>
<script>
   let resEle = document.querySelector(".result");
   let BtnEle = document.querySelector(".Btn");
   let numInputEle = document.querySelector(".numInput");
   BtnEle.addEventListener("click", () => {
      if (numInputEle.value % 2 === 0 && numInputEle.value % 3 === 0) {
         resEle.innerHTML = "The numbers is divisible by 2 and 3 both";
      } else if (numInputEle.value % 3 === 0) {
         resEle.innerHTML = "The number is divisbly by 3";
      } else if (numInputEle.value % 2 === 0) {
         resEle.innerHTML = "The numbers is divisible by 2";
      } else {
         resEle.innerHTML = "The numbers isn't divisible by 2 or 3";
      }
   });
</script>
</body>
</html>

Output

On entering a number and clicking on ‘CHECK’ button −

raja
Published on 20-Jul-2020 08:05:44
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