C library function - strncpy()


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Description

The C library function char *strncpy(char *dest, const char *src, size_t n) copies up to n characters from the string pointed to, by src to dest. In a case where the length of src is less than that of n, the remainder of dest will be padded with null bytes.

Declaration

Following is the declaration for strncpy() function.

char *strncpy(char *dest, const char *src, size_t n)

Parameters

  • dest − This is the pointer to the destination array where the content is to be copied.

  • src − This is the string to be copied.

  • n − The number of characters to be copied from source.

Return Value

This function returns the final copy of the copied string.

Example

The following example shows the usage of strncpy() function. Here we have used function memset() to clear the memory location.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>

int main () {
   char src[40];
   char dest[12];
  
   memset(dest, '\0', sizeof(dest));
   strcpy(src, "This is tutorialspoint.com");
   strncpy(dest, src, 10);

   printf("Final copied string : %s\n", dest);
   
   return(0);
}

Let us compile and run the above program that will produce the following result −

Final copied string : This is tu
string_h.htm

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