Maximum Length Chain of Pairs

AlgorithmsData StructureDynamic Programming

There is a chain of pairs is given. In each pair, there are two integers and the first integer is always smaller, and the second one is greater, the same rule can also be applied for the chain construction. A pair (x, y) can be added after a pair (p, q), only if q < x.

To solve this problem, at first, we have to sort given pairs in increasing order of the first element. After that, we will compare the second element of a pair, with the first element of the next pair.

Input and Output

Input:
A chain of number pairs. {(5, 24), (15, 25), (27, 40), (50, 60)}
Output:
Largest length of the chain as given criteria. Here the length is 3.

Algorithm

maxChainLength(arr, n)

Each element of the chain will contain two elements a and b

Input −  The array of pairs, number of items in the array.

Output − Maximum length.

Begin
   define maxChainLen array of size n, and fill with 1
   max := 0

   for i := 1 to n, do
      for j := 0 to i-1, do
         if arr[i].a > arr[j].b and maxChainLen[i] < maxChainLen[j] + 1
            maxChainLen[i] := maxChainLen[j] + 1
      done
   done

   max := maximum length in maxChainLen array
   return max
End

Example

#include<iostream>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;

struct numPair {    //define pair as structure
   int a;
   int b;
};

int maxChainLength(numPair arr[], int n) {
   int max = 0;
   int *maxChainLen = new int[n];    //create array of size n

   for (int i = 0; i < n; i++ )    //Initialize Max Chain length values for all indexes
      maxChainLen[i] = 1;

   for (int i = 1; i < n; i++ )
      for (int j = 0; j < i; j++ )
         if ( arr[i].a > arr[j].b && maxChainLen[i] < maxChainLen[j] + 1)

            maxChainLen[i] = maxChainLen[j] + 1;

   // maxChainLen[i] now holds the max chain length ending with pair i

   for (int i = 0; i < n; i++ )
      if ( max < maxChainLen[i] )
         max = maxChainLen[i];    //find maximum among all chain length values
   delete[] maxChainLen;    //deallocate memory
   return max;
}

int main() {
   struct numPair arr[] = {{5, 24},{15, 25},{27, 40},{50, 60}};
   int n = 4;
   cout << "Length of maximum size chain is " << maxChainLength(arr, n);
}

Output

Length of maximum size chain is 3
raja
Published on 11-Jul-2018 11:55:29
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