Write the balanced chemical equations for the following reactions and identify the type of reaction in each case.
(a) Thermite reaction, iron (III) oxide reacts with aluminium and gives molten iron and aluminium oxide.
(b) Magnesium ribbon is burnt in an atmosphere of nitrogen gas to form solid magnesium nitride.
(c) Chlorine gas is passed in an aqueous potassium iodide solution to form potassium chloride solution and solid iodine.
(d) Ethanol is burnt in air to form carbon dioxide, water and releases heat.

AcademicChemistryNCERTClass 10

(a) Thermit reaction, iron (III) oxide reacts with aluminium and gives molten iron and aluminium oxide.
$Fe_2O_3 + 2Al → Al_2O_3(s)+ 2Fe (l)$
This is a Single displacement reaction.

(b) Magnesium ribbon is burnt in an atmosphere of nitrogen gas to form solid magnesium nitride.
$3Mg(s) + N_2 → Mg_3N_2$
The reaction is a Combination reaction.

(c) Chlorine gas is passed in an aqueous potassium iodide solution to form potassium chloride solution and solid iodine.
$Cl_2(g) + 2KI (aq) → 2KCl(Aq) + I_2(s)$
This is a Single displacement reaction.

(d) Ethanol is burnt in air to form carbon dioxide, water and releases heat.
$C_2H5_OH+ 3O_2 → 2CO_2 + 3H_2O + heat$
This is a Combustion reaction.
raja
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:27:09

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