When do we consider a person to be myopic or hypermetropic? Explain using diagrams how the defects associated with myopic and hypermetropic eye can be corrected?

AcademicPhysicsNCERTClass 10

1. Myopia, also known as near-sightedness or short-sightedness, is a defect of vision in which a person can\'t see the distant object clearly (appears blurred), though can see the nearby objects clearly. The far point of a myopic eye is less than infinity.

It is corrected by using spectacles containing concave lenses, as it reduces the converging power of the eye lens and therefore forms the images of faraway objects on the retina of the myopic eye.



2. Hypermetropiaalso known as long-sightedness or far-sightedness, is a defect of vision in which a person can\'t see the nearby object clearly (appears blurred), though can see the distant objects clearly. The near point of a hypermetropic eye is more than 25 cm away.

It is corrected by using spectacles containing convex lenses, as it increases the converging power of the eye lens and therefore forms the images of nearby objects on the retina of the hypermetropic eye.





raja
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:27:45

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