Uses of Boron and Aluminium


Uses of Boron and Aluminium are mainly consists of applications in textile sector and in the preservation of wood. Boron is a very uncommon compound in this world because of the trace formation of stars and the big bang in the solar system. The Atomic number is five for boron in chemistry and the aluminium atomic number is thirteen.

Aluminium is available in igneous rocks as micas, feldspars and feldspathoids in form of aluminosilicate. The hydrate aluminium oxide is the primary element of bauxite from there aluminium is mainly formed. Boron is commonly found in nature as a form of boric acid and boric acid.

What is Boron?

Boron is a black colour element that is a lustrous metalloid, crystalline in nature. The compound’s chemical symbol is B and five is the atomic number of this element. The compound can alter its colour from black to brown at the time it was amorphous in the state.

The element has five protons and amount of neutrons is six and the number of electrons amount is five. Valence shells need some electrons and it also helps to create a covalent bond. The borax in mineral form, boron carbide and boric acid is formed from the reaction.

Boron: Structure

Boron consists of protons in the amount of five and all are charged positively. The neutrons quantity is six and they formed the nucleus of the compound. The elements of the electrons are surrounding around the cells and are available in the shells of electrons.

Figure 1: Atomic structure of Boron

The properties of the compound that are chemical and physical are stable for the electrons. The element can be found in the periodic table’s second number and the chemical group number is thirteen. The compound is available in block number P in the periodic table.

Boron: Properties

The chemical and physical properties are discussed below in detail.

  • The point of boiling of the element is 4275K and the element’s melting point is 2365K.

  • The potential of ionisation is -8.298eV and 10.811u is the atomic mass of the element.

  • The electronegativity of the element is 2.04.

  • The element can make two stable isotopes and they are 11B(19.9%) and 10B(80.1%).

  • The element's rate of oxidation depends on the crystallinity, purity, temperature and size of the particular element. The element reacts in the presence of air and temperature in a proper way for reaction. The element is burning itself in the presence of temperature and boron trioxide is the result of the reaction.

  • Hydrochloric acid and hydrofluoric acid are highly reactive with the elements with the crystalline form of the element. The elements slowly react with hydrogen peroxide and nitric acid in concentrated form.

Boron: Usage

The element is used in various forms like, borates, borazine, boric acid etc. The usage of the elements is described below −

  • The element is utilized to obstruct the reaction between nitrate as well as aluminium and also obstruct the formation process of amide.

  • The compound is used to make glasses and ceramics.

  • Perborate is made from the element that is used majorly as a detergent.

  • The elements are used for margarine and fish preservation.

  • The elements are used in the textile sector and it also used in the preservation of wood.

Definition of Aluminium

Figure 2: Atomic structure of Aluminium

SM358, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

The element is quite silvery in colour and the chemical number of the element is thirteen. The element can be found in nature in various forms but not in metal form. The element can be found in animal bodies, rocks and many more. The chemical name of this element is AI and the element's name comes from the Latin word. The word alumen represents another form and that is called aluminium potassium sulphate. The chemical formula of the element is $\mathrm{KAl(SO_2)_{212}H_2O}4$ and potash alum is another name for this element.

Aluminium: Properties

The element is made from a sixteen-kilometre crust of the earth with a concentrated state and keeps 8% weight at the time of its formation. The two compounds like, silicon and oxygen are the two elements that are close to aluminium. The properties of the elements are described below −

  • The power of the atom in the element is 13 and the weight of the atom is 26.9815384

  • The point of boiling is 2467 degrees and 2.70 is the gravity of the element.

  • The valence of the element is 3 and the chemical name is aluminium.

Aluminium: Usage

The usage of the element is described below −

  • The elements are used to produce foil, coil, cans and other packing materials.

  • The element is used for preparing bodies of cars, spacecraft, aircraft, cycles and many more.

  • The elements are also used for making home appliances.

  • The making of alloy that is used for coins is also made of aluminium.

  • The element is also used for preparing paints, wires and reflective surfaces.


Boron and aluminium are the main discussable things in the above article. Boron is a very uncommon element and five is the chemical number of the element. Aluminium is commonly used for producing home appliances and various purposes of industry. Both elements have very high commercial values and both use hugely for preparing daily usage and industry-related products. The properties of both elements are discussed in detail in the above article. The structure and uses are also discussed in the above article.


Q1. What is the main usage of the Amorphous boron?

Ans. The Amorphous boron is commonly used in the production of rocket oil where it acts as an igniter. In addition, they can also be used in the generation of pyrotechnic flares as they can give flares of distinctive green colours.

Q2. How Trihalides is formed?

Ans. Trihalides is formed as the result of the halogenation procedure. The reaction involved in the formulation of Trihalides is

$$\mathrm{2B + 3Br_2\:\rightarrow\:2BBr_3}$$

Q3. What are the elements needed for making aluminium?

Ans. The element is made with the help of bauxite and aluminium oxide. The other process is to apply aluminium oxide with 50% amount and bauxite in high quality.

Updated on: 14-Apr-2023


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