Types of Pattern Design

By carefully following each element for a particular kind of clothes or apparel, a pattern is created on a stiff piece of paper. One of the most crucial elements in the apparel industry is the pattern. There are various pattern types. The ready-made apparel industry primarily uses the following two types of patterns: working pattern or apparel pattern and basic block, which is a block pattern used in the apparel industry.

Types of Pattern Design

Following are the major pattern design

Basic Block or Block Pattern

A simple block or block pattern is a part of clothing that lacks any kind of design or fashion. It can be done in two different ways, including modelling and the flat method.


Modeling is a fundamental and initial technique. Even so, it is frequently utilised in the clothing sector. Block is created using the toile, or standard body measurement, of the dummy in the modelling approach. The dummy’s body is covered in toile to test the fits. After that, the toile is exhausted from the dummy’s body and is drawn in sections on board paper or hard paper. Although it takes more time, this method is the most effective.

Flat method

For the flat method, technical drawings are used to create the patterns for various clothing components, particularly the body and sleeves. Actually, this technique is derived from modelling, and it allows for quick pattern creation.

Working Pattern or Apparel Pattern

Apparel design is constructed based on the fundamental block or block pattern. On board paper or other sturdy paper, certain block designs are drawn. In this kind of pattern, several allowances such as trimmings allowance, sewing allowance, bottom line, centre front line, pleat, and drat are taken into consideration.

Retail Patterns

Home sewing designs are typically sold in packets with sewing instructions and recommendations for fabric and trim, and are typically printed on tissue paper. Home sewers can print the patterns at home or take the electronic file to a place that does copying and printing. They are also accessible online as downloadable files. Many pattern companies offer sewing patterns as electronic files that the home sewer can print at home or take to a nearby copy shop for large format printing as an alternative to, or in place of, pre-printed packets. Modern patterns are available in a wide range of prices, sizes, styles, and sewing proficiency levels to meet the needs of consumers.

Fitting Patterns

Since mass market patterns are standard, they generally fit the majority of people. Dressmakers with experience can modify common patterns to better fit any body type. A pre-graded standard size from a purchased pattern may be chosen by the sewer (often based on the wearer’s bust measurement). They might choose to use French curves, hip curves, cutting or folding on straight edges, or tailor or change a pattern to enhance the fit or style for the person wearing the garment. There are alternate methods, either directly on flat pattern pieces from measurements, using a pre-draped personalised sloper or using draping methods on a dress form with inexpensive fabrics like muslin.

Patterns for the Production of Commercial Apparel

Industrial patterns are made by cutting oak tag (manila folder) paper, punching a hole in it, and hanging it to store it. This process starts with an existing block pattern that most closely resembles the designer’s vision. The pattern is first examined for accuracy before being cut out of test fabrics and put through a fit test. Once the pattern has the designer’s blessing, a limited batch of selling samples is produced, and the design is then shown to potential customers in wholesale markets. If the style has shown sales promise, the pattern is sized, typically using a computer and a CAD programme designed specifically for the apparel business. After grading, the pattern needs to be scrutinised; each size’s accuracy must be checked, and the placement of seam lines must be directly compared. The pattern is certified for production once these procedures have been followed and any problems have been fixed.

Geometric Patterns

Every design falls into one of two categories: geometric or organic. Geometric patterns, such as geometric shapes and plaids, can also be characterised as “abstract patterns,” which are a pattern of repeating shapes and sizes without any connection to natural objects.

Organic (Patterns Inspired by Nature)

Organic fabric patterns come in two different categories. While stylized repeats of natural objects are more straightforward, realistic patterns are repetitions of those same objects.


Making patterns is the technique of turning a designer’s conceptual design for a piece of clothing into an actual item of clothing that flatteringly fits the human body. Some pattern makers choose to stick with the tried-and-true methods that have been used in pattern making for centuries; however, the art of pattern making has evolved throughout the years as a result of decades of experience creating design patterns. In the world of pattern making, any method that transforms a design sketch into an actual garment is acceptable. Many designers have since moved away from flat patterns in favour of creating three-dimensional patterns on mannequins or digitally.

There are two types of patterns. The primary instruction manual for cutting the individual components of a garment is either a decorative design that repeatedly appears on a fabric or a flat template made of paper or card. In order to account for size, seam allowance, and fit, pattern components are traced. Before tracing and cutting the template on the final fabric, they can assist the dressmaker in determining the appropriate amount of fabric and how it fits. When an element or motif is repeated, it forms a pattern that gives fabrics their own distinctive decoration. Checkered or striped patterns are two examples of patterns that are simple to recognise. But to help with product description and selection, there are hundreds of unique patterns available, and each is referred to by a label (a name).

Updated on: 10-Apr-2023


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