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The cell organelle involved in forming complex sugars from simple sugars are
(a) endoplasmic reticulum
(d) Golgi apparatus.
Correct Answer: (d) Golgi apparatus.
The Golgi apparatus is part of the endomembrane system in the cytoplasm. It packages proteins into membrane-bound vesicles inside the cell before the vesicles are sent to their destination.
Golgi bodies receive proteins and fats from the RER (Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum). It modifies them if required and packages them into sealed droplets known as vesicles. These vesicles (containing modified proteins and fats) are released or dispatched to their required destination.
Golgi also helps in gathering simple molecules like simple sugars and converting them into complex forms of carbohydrates.
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