# State whether the following statements are true or false.$(a)$. An electric motor converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.$(b)$. An electric generator works on the principle of electromagnetic induction.$(c)$. The field at the centre of a long circular coil carrying current will be parallel straight lines.$(d)$. A wire with a green insulation is usually the live wire of an electric supply.

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$(a)$. "An electric motor converts mechanical energy into electrical energy."

This statement is false.

Reason:

An electric motor does not convert mechanical energy into electrical energy. An electric motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. When an electric current is passed into a coil placed in a magnetic field, it starts rotating.

$(b)$. "An electric generator works on the principle of electromagnetic induction."

This statement is true.

Reason:

When a coil is rotated by some external mechanical energy in a magnetic field magnetic flux is changed, then an induced emf in the coil is produced by changing the flux. Thus induced current starts to flow.

$(c)$. "The field at the center of a long circular coil carrying current will be parallel straight lines."

This statement is true.

Reason:

By the right-hand thumb rule, it can be proved that the field at the center of a long circular coil carrying current will be parallel straight lines.

$(d)$. "A wire with green insulation is usually the live wire of an electric supply."

This statement is false.

Reason:

In domestic wiring, the earth wire has a green insulation cover,  while live wire has a red insulation cover.

Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:21:50