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Social, Cultural, Economic, and Physical Consequences of Impoverished Groups
Although poverty is only one factor in vulnerability, many studies over the past 30 years have shown that the poor are typically the ones who suffer the greatest from catastrophes. Poor individuals are less likely to be able to invest in risk-reduction strategies and are more likely to reside in risky places. People in poverty are frequently compelled to utilize their already meager resources to avert catastrophic losses, which pushes them deeper into poverty. This is because they lack access to insurance and social protection. Therefore, poverty is both a contributing factor to and a result of disaster risk, especially extensive risk, with drought being the hazard most strongly linked to poverty. Disasters' effects on the poor can include, among other things, the complete loss of a person's means of support, relocation, ill health, and food insecurity.
Explaining the Nature of Disadvantaged Group
Common areas wherein economically poor and minority people suffer include housing, schooling, employment, and (often prenatal) medical treatment. These deficiencies are often associated with family disintegration, inaccurate or malignant identity development or dissemination, and increased adolescent delinquency and mental hospitalization rates. People at the bottom of the social hierarchy are far more likely to experience personal disasters such as mental illness, unemployment, and the termination of parental rights
Consequences of Social Injustice
Social injustice impedes growth and development, hampering or even halting improvement in living standards, fair distribution of income, creation of opportunities, and the elimination of inequalities. The inadequacy of economic growth, imbalances in economic structures, and imperfections in education and training systems contribute to and are aggravated by unjust conditions in the world.
Feelings of injustice may be very motivating, leading individuals to take some action not only in their defense but also in defense of others they feel have been wronged when unequal treatment based on law or social norms is frequently described as just a two-tiered system.
Economically Marginalised Youth
Because they lack money, education, and marketable skills, marginalized youngsters are most likely to be socially and economically isolated. The difference between young people in developed and developing countries grows as incidence rises in developing nations. It is unclear how being outside the system affects alcohol, drug, and juvenile crime.
Discrimination and Exploitation
Discrimination of women, children, the elderly, the disabled, the developmentally disabled as well as demented, the physically handicapped, as well as the socially handicapped (within the sense of deprivation in family background, education, nutrition, or housing), are often the targets of discrimination and exploitation by the dominant society. The law often fails to protect these groups sufficiently, and they may be shunned by mainstream society.
Inadequate income in Old Age
Pensioners need an equal amount to their ordinary gross salary from previous years, less all withholdings, to cover work, restaurant food, transportation, and other expenses. However, equivalents for lost benefits like group health insurance and credit union access should be added. ILO economists recommend 65% of average gross wages for the indexed pension. Many gov't believe this same indexed range must not exceed a max amount regardless of earnings above national average wage levels so that pensions may be as low as 20–30% of average gross income.
Social Withdrawal of Age
Modern adults lack a historical perspective from which to examine the present since they have not integrated the knowledge and legacy of the previous generation. People have no idea how they contributed to history if they do not have this view of a past that is reenacted and honored. They care less about the fundamental issue of their place in society and more about the politics of promotion or the little irritations of their employment.
Dominant Culture Consequences
Minorities in danger include tribes, religious groups, ideological groups, and unstable governments, which may be absorbed by a stronger neighbor or dominated economically and politically. Religious sects and communities may face dangers from the dominant culture due to its impact on society, while ideological organizations fear police action or internment. Organizational dissidents may be expelled, demoted, harassed, brainwashed, peer pressured, or controlled. The organization may strive to silence members with different cultural and moral views.
Racial, religious, linguistic, ideological, and socioeconomic minorities, as well as the young, the old, the sick, the disabled, the mentally ill, and the physically or socially disadvantaged, are all vulnerable to exploitation and discrimination from the dominant society (in the sense of deprivation in family upbringing, education, nutrition, or housing). The law often fails to protect these groups sufficiently, and they may be shunned by mainstream society.
Consequences of Human Trafficking
Certain types of slavery have been almost destroyed, while others, more subtle, persist to this day. Trafficking is really about ownership, and its counterpart is exploitation. There is no denying that the damage done by slavery is enormous and impossible, if not unattainable, to measure, even though its actuality is obvious despite the passage of time. Slavery and mandatory military or civilian service are only two examples of the broad category of forced labor. Prisoners, especially political captives or prisoners of war, and enslaved people, are sometimes completely subjugated by it, while those who are conscripted into the military often face severe suffering. Those two previous categories are more at risk for experiencing significant negative bodily impacts. Millions of people have lost their lives due to forced labor, hunger, and severe illnesses.
Circumstances of Slaves and Labors
These include low pay, long hours (sometimes throughout the night), no paid absence or other benefits, and bad working conditions, which are too common for remote workers or subcontractors. Further, there may be unaddressed risks from tools, equipment, or materials. The stress of having to do both paid jobs and household chores in the same location is felt most keenly by women. The conditions of outwork cannot easily be addressed by collective action since the employees are too scattered. Many working from home could feel lonely and down because of the circumstances. The movement toward gender parity in salary and employment prospects would be set back if outwork were used to force women back into the house.
Everywhere, low-income people need farms and construction lots. Due to land rights inequalities, low-income and disadvantaged people in most developing countries cannot access agricultural land. Due to rapid population growth, inequitable land and asset distribution have impeded attempts to improve living circumstances, adding to widespread poverty. These considerations, plus the increased demand for commercial usage of good land, usually to plant commodities for export, have forced many subsistence farmers onto inferior land, where they have little opportunity to contribute to a country's economic success. Traditional nomadic farmers who had a close relationship with trees no longer possessed the acreage or time to let the woods regenerate. Soil erosion is especially problematic when farming expands onto forested slopes, and expanding flood-prone crops into valleys is typical.
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