Show that $a_1, a_2, ……. a_n,……$ form $a_n$ AP where an is defined as below:
$a_n = 9 - 5n$
Also find the sum of the first 15 terms in each case.

AcademicMathematicsNCERTClass 10

Given:

$a_n=9-5n$

To do:

We have to show that $a_1, a_2, ……. a_n,……$ forms an AP and find the sum of the first 15 terms.

Solution:

To find the given sequence we have to substitute $n=1, 2, 3.....$ in $a_n=9-5n$.

Therefore,

$a_1=9-5(1)$

$=9-5$

$=4$

$a_2=9-5(2)$

$=9-10$

$=-1$

$a_3=9-5(3)$

$=9-15$

$=-6$

$a_4=9-5(4)$

$=9-20$

$=-11$

The sequence formed is $4, -1, -6, -11,.....$.

For the given sequence to form an A.P., the difference between any two consecutive terms should be equal.

Here,

$d=a_2-a_1=-1-4=-5$

$d=a_3-a_2=-6-(-1)=-6+1=-5$

$d=a_4-a_3=-11-(-6)=-11+6=-5$

This implies,

$a_2-a_1=a_3-a_2=a_4-a_3=d$

Therefore, the given sequence forms an A.P. 

 We know that,

$S_{n}=\frac{n}{2}[2 a+(n-1) d]$

$S_{15}=\frac{15}{2}[2 a+(15-1) d]$

$=\frac{15}{2}[2 \times 4+(15-1) \times (-5)]$

$=\frac{15}{2}[8+14 \times (-5)]$

$=\frac{15}{2}[8-70]$

$=\frac{15}{2} \times (-62)$

$=15 \times (-31)$

$=-465$

The sum of the first 15 terms is $-465$.

raja
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:20:30

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