Report Writing in Psychology

The report is the last and last stage of the study process. The report must be created once the acquired data has been reviewed and understood and generalizations have been established. The research effort is only complete once the report is given. Writing a report is the final step of a research project and necessitates a set of abilities that differs from those required in earlier phases of research. The researcher should take great care in doing this work.

What is Report Writing?

A report needs to thoroughly account for what has been done throughout the survey/research. It is just a summary of the most important data for comprehending the investigator's conclusions. Therefore, the report describes the technique used, the results, and the conclusions reached by the problem investigator. When the inquiry was not conducted at the request of a third party, the report may be intended for the general public. Research is fundamentally a collaborative endeavor, and each scientist must know what others have discovered about the phenomenon under investigation. The goal of a report is thus to disseminate information and publicize generalizations to assure their broadest application.

A study report serves just one purpose: it must inform. It has to disseminate knowledge. Thus, the objective of a report is to explain to interested parties the study's results and findings in sufficient detail so that each reader can interpret the facts and evaluate for himself the validity of the conclusions. The findings of research must inevitably join the general reservoir of knowledge. A research report is usually a valuable addition to one's knowledge. All of this explains why producing a report is important.

Types of Reports

The length and format of research papers vary widely, and the objective of the research and the difficulties at hand govern the length and shape of each unique situation. For example, commercial organizations often favor short-length reports in letter form, and banks, insurance companies, and other financial organizations often prefer tables. The reports generated by government departments, inquiry committees, and so on are often highly thorough on the subjects at hand. Similarly, research theses/dissertations commonly written by students seeking Ph.D. degrees are detailed and methodical.

Technical Report

The length and format of research papers vary widely. The objective of the research and the difficulties at hand govern the length and shape of each unique situation. The reports generated by government departments, inquiry committees, and so on are often highly thorough on the subjects at hand. Similarly, research theses/dissertations often written by Ph.D. students are detailed and thorough.

Popular Report

A popular report places a focus on simplicity and appeal. Its goal is to educate the general public on the results and ramifications. In general, it is straightforward. Simplicity is sought through plain language and the reduction of technical complexities. The reader's attention is sought through an appealing layout and extensive use of graphs, charts, diagrams, and photographs. A popular report focuses on practical aspects and policy consequences.

Research Article

The results of a research study may be published in the form of a brief publication known as an article, and this is one type of distribution. Generally, research papers are written to be presented at seminars and conferences or published in peer-reviewed journals. Because one of the research goals is to make a constructive addition to knowledge, publishing (publicity) of the work fulfils that function in the area.

Stages in Preparation of a Report

The report's preparation may be divided into the following primary stages −

Logical Understanding of the Subject Matter

The first stage is focused on the growth of a subject and is primarily concerned with the logical understanding of the subject matter. A subject can be developed in two ways: a. rationally and b. chronologically. Using logical analysis, logical development is based on mental links and relationships between one element and another. Logical therapy frequently entails progressing from the most basic to the most sophisticated elements. Chronological development is based on a relationship or series of events occurring in time. Directions for performing anything are generally given in chronological sequence.

Designing the Final Outline of the Report

It is the second stage in writing the report. After understanding the subject, the following step is to structure the report, arrange the components, and draw them. This stage is also known as the planning and organizing stage. The author's head may be filled with ideas, and he will be able to establish a harmonic succession once he first creates his plan/sketch/design, and he will need help knowing where to begin or how to conclude. Better research findings communication is partially a question of language, but it is largely a matter of planning and structuring the report.

Preparing the Rough Draft

The third stage is report writing/drafting. This is the most important step for the researcher, as he or she now sits down to write down what he or she has done in his or her research study, as well as what and how he or she wishes to express the same. Here, factors such as who the readers are, how technical the problem is, the researcher's command of the facts and techniques, the researcher's command of language (his communication skills), the data and completeness of his notes and documentation, and the availability of analyzed results all influence clarity in communicating/reporting.

Finalization of the Report

This is the final and most challenging step of formal writing. The structure is simple to construct, but polishing and applying finishing touches takes more effort. Consider the construction of a home. The work is extremely swift up to the roofing (structural) stage, but by the time the building is finished, it takes a long time. The rough draught (whether the second or nth draught) must be revised and polished in terms of requirements. The diligent reworking of the rough copy distinguishes poor writing from excellent. While polishing and finalizing the report, look for flaws in the subject's logical progression and presentation cohesiveness.


Reporting is the final stage of the research study. The study findings, findings, and conclusions, among other things, must be shared. This can be done either orally or in writing. Although oral reporting has its role, written accounts are more popular and authentic. Reports may be classified into two sorts based on their requirements: technical and popular reports. Report writing involves several steps, including studying the topic matter and its logical analysis, preparing the final outline/sketch, preparing rough draughts, and polishing and finalization. A report should include characteristics including correctness, coherence, clarity, conciseness, and readability. It must be created following the best composition guidelines.

Updated on: 12-Apr-2023


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