Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence

Rehabilitators work on the assumption that offenders may be restored to productive lives in which they can positively contribute to themselves and society. Rehabilitative services are intended to reduce the likelihood of a person committing a crime after abstinence. The rights of a person convicted of a crime are safeguarded by the Constitution and other laws that have been considered and discussed at length.

Meaning of Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence

Victims" refers to individuals or groups that have been harmed in some way, whether physically, emotionally, financially, or otherwise, as a result of illegal actions or omissions, including those that violate criminal power abuse statutes that are in effect inside Member States. Moreover, a person may be designated a Victim under this Declaration regardless of the family link between the offender and the victim and whether the perpetrator is recognized, captured, prosecuted, or convicted. When applicable, the word "Victim" also includes the direct victim's immediate relatives or dependents, as well as anybody who was harmed while trying to help a victim in distress or stop further victimization.

Crime Victims May Seek Retribution

Each Public Authority should take the necessary legal steps to ensure that a Victim of a violent crime is given the opportunity for redress and the right to receive fair and appropriate compensation, such as the means for complete rehabilitation as practicable, under its law. Those who rely on the victim and survive torture on his part are entitled to compensation if he dies as a consequence of the abuse.


If the jury believes rehabilitation expenses are warranted, the victim may be awarded compensation. When it is necessary for Victim rehabilitation, compensation may be proposed even if the defendant is found not guilty or is discharged during the trial. Compensation may be awarded when the criminal cannot be located for trial, but the victim still needs help. This is not the case despite the belief that compensation is automatically tied to a victim's conviction.


When someone's rights have been infringed, reparation is one of the best ways to make amends. The victim is entitled to a proper remedy and reparation since it is recognized that grave wrongs have been done. Commonly, reparation refers to monetary restitution for wrongs. There are other non-monetary kinds of restitution that India should consider in addition to this one. Under the Guiding Principles and Guidelines, many forms of reparation are recognized.

Sympathy for the Victim

Rehabilitating crime victims seems to need more than just financial compensation. Services such as crisis intervention, counseling, emergency housing, advocacy before the criminal justice system, and emergency transportation are all part of this category.

Women's Sexual Assault Victims Rehab

The National Commission on the Status of Women has recommended establishing a Criminal Trauma Compensation Board to oversee the distribution of funds to rape victims. Based on the Supreme Court of India's directives in Delhi Domestic Working Women's Forum. The government of India and others, the Commission for Women, has developed a plan to "wipe off the tears of unlucky Victims of rape." If the victim becomes pregnant due to the rape, she may be entitled to compensation for medical bills, lost wages, and other losses associated with the delivery. All victims of crime should be compensated, but this program is designed especially for those who have been victims of rape.

Those Who Have Been Tortured Are Rehabilitated. The National Commission on Human Rights of India supports victims of torture in exercising their right to rehabilitation. In certain cases, it has been suggested that a monetary fine be levied on the relevant police department to generate the necessary funds for rehabilitation and compensation. Some restoration may be paid for via this method, but it takes a long time because of the need to wait for judgments and compensation.

Rehabilitating Prison Inmates

The Supreme Court reaffirmed a victim's right to compensation for crimes committed in custody. The Court emphasized that civil action was not the only option for a victim's family in a case involving custodial abuse.

Rehabilitating Crime Victims around the World

Access to justice and equitable treatment, restitution, compensation, and assistance are the four main components of the rights of victims of crime, all recognized in the United Nations Declaration. In a global sense, this proclamation establishes the foundation for victims' rights. Some solutions to the issues faced by victims of crime, especially survivors of abuse of power, have been proposed in the proclamation. Particularly noteworthy are the following suggestions

It is important to show victims sympathy and treat them with respect. They have the right to seek restitution for the wrongs done to them via the legal channels established by their own country's laws. For victims to seek justice in a timely, fair, affordable, and easily accessible manner, b) judicial and administrative systems should be developed and improved when appropriate. To that end, victims should be aware of their restitution options.

The Freedom to Hire a Private Attorney

The Court can let the victim hire an attorney to represent him in court. Having the option to choose an appeal, If the court rules in favor of the defendant, reduces the charges against him, or awards him a disproportionately small settlement, the victim has the right to appeal the decision to the same court where an appeal would normally be taken from a conviction.


Victims must be removed from horrific situations to have trust in the criminal justice system. They are provided with the tools to overcome any victimization-related challenges. This aid is vital for crime victims who have experienced physical and mental injury. Rebuilding your reputation despite being a victim requires a while. Conventions, including those below, inform criminal rehabilitation. - Every person has the right to life. Hence each person should safeguard themselves. Even a criminal may strive to reform and rejoin society. Even if someone breaks the law, he may be rehabilitated and obtain work. Courts have found that a user's right to family survives even if he is accused or convicted of a crime. So the accused may become a family provider. This is crucial for recovery and reintegration. Everyone deserves his reputation. Thanks to rehabilitation, a changed, de-stigmatized ex-con may start again. The offender's property rights remain, which helps his recovery. It is illegal to deny a youngster an education because of an arrest or conviction. Rehabilitation and education are a young offender's greatest chances for atonement. If offenders change their behavior and take responsibility, they may undergo rehabilitation and social reintegration.

Updated on: 16-Feb-2023


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