Found 866 Articles for Electronics & Electrical

Classification of Circuit Elements

Manish Kumar Saini
Updated on 15-Nov-2022 06:56:49
A circuit element is the basic building block of an electric circuit. Basically, a circuit element is a mathematical model of an electrical device which is characterized by the relationship between voltage and current. The circuit element is the most elementary part of a circuit, therefore it cannot be further divided into sub-components. The common examples of circuit elements are resistors, inductors, capacitors, energy sources, etc. Types of Circuit Elements Depending on the behavior in the circuit, the electric circuit elements can be classified into the following types − Active Elements Passive Elements Unilateral Elements Bilateral Elements Linear Elements ... Read More

Basic Logic Gates – Definition, Types, Boolean Function, and Truth Table

Manish Kumar Saini
Updated on 15-Nov-2022 06:52:11
In digital electronics, basic logic gates are the important components of all digital devices and systems. A logic gate is a digital circuit whose operation is based on the Boolean function. Thus, logic gates are used for performing different logical operations on binary inputs to produce a binary output. Therefore, we can simply state that logic gates are the basic building blocks of digital devices and systems. All digital systems like computers are able to perform very complex logic operations, and these operation are performed by the interconnected system of basic logic gates. This interconnection of logic gates to perform ... Read More

Electron Theory of Matter and Atoms

Manish Kumar Saini
Updated on 15-Nov-2022 06:35:48
The electron theory of matter is one of the most successful and experimentally proved theory that can explain the nature of electricity. Although the study of electricity has been attracting the attention of scientists for several hundred years, and there were several experiments and theories developed to understand the nature of electricity. The only theory that has explained it successfully is the electron theory of matter. The electron theory of matter is the result of experiments and researches conducted by many scientists like J. J. Thomson, R. A. Millikan, Earnest Rutherford and Bohr. This article is meant for explaining the ... Read More

Difference between Metals and Non-Metals

Manish Kumar Saini
Updated on 15-Nov-2022 06:22:09
Engineering materials can be classified into two broad categories namely metals and nonmetals. This classification of engineering materials is based on their physical and chemical properties. In this article, we shall discuss the differences between metals and non-metal, but before we will learn that what metals and non-metals are. What are Metals? Metals are the crystalline materials that have a number of differentially oriented fine crystals. At normal temperature, all metals are generally found in solid state. However, there are some exceptions such as mercury which found in liquid state at the normal temperature. All metals have comparatively high conductivity ... Read More

Number Systems in Digital Electronics

Manish Kumar Saini
Updated on 15-Nov-2022 07:45:21
A system that is used for representing numbers is called the number system. In digital electronics, the numbers are used to represent the information. Hence, it is important to learn and understand different types of number systems so we can easily represent and interpret the information in the form of numbers. There are several types of number systems and the basis of this classification is the base or radix of the number system. The base or radix of the number system is the total number of symbols used to denoted the numbers in the number system. Types of Number Systems ... Read More

What is Electrical Impedance?

Manish Kumar Saini
Updated on 15-Nov-2022 13:16:22
Electrical impedance is the measure of opposition produced by circuit elements in the path of alternating current. Therefore, the electrical impedance is the parameter related to the AC circuit. The electrical impedance is usually denoted by the symbol ‘Z’ and is measured in ohms $\mathrm{(\Omega)}$. The electrical impedance is a complex quantity, i.e. it has both magnitude and phase. The electrical impedance is basically the extended concept of resistance. It is the function of frequency of alternating current flowing in the circuit. It because the impedance comes into picture only when there is a frequency dependent element like inductor or ... Read More

What is Grounding Conductor and How to Calculate its Size?

Manish Kumar Saini
Updated on 02-Nov-2022 07:30:18
Grounding, also called earthing, is defined as a process of connecting non-current carrying parts like metallic frame of electrical device or some electrical parts of power system like neutral point of a star-connected system to earth or ground. The main purpose of doing grounding in electrical systems is to prevent accidents and damage to the equipment of the system. In this article, we shall discuss about grounding conductor and how to calculate right size of the grounding conductor according to the requirement What is a Grounding Conductor? A wire or conductor in an electrical system which is intentionally connected to ... Read More

What is Voltage – Definition, Formula, Unit, Types and Methods of Measurement

Manish Kumar Saini
Updated on 02-Nov-2022 06:51:26
What is Voltage? Voltage, also called potential difference, electric pressure or electric tension, is defined as the difference of electric potentials of two points in an electric circuit. In other words, the amount of energy required to move an electric charge from one point to another in an electric circuit is called voltage. Voltage is denoted by the symbol V or v, where V is used to represent a constant voltage, while v is used to represent a time-varying voltage. In this article, we will learn all about voltage, and the methods used for measuring the voltage in an electric ... Read More

What is Permeance – Definition, Formula, Units, Coefficient and Example

Manish Kumar Saini
Updated on 02-Nov-2022 06:48:06
In this article, we shall learn about Permeance in magnetic circuits, its definition, formula, unit of measurement, and coefficient. What is Permeance? The measure of the ease with which the magnetic flux can flow through a magnetic material is called Permeance. It is denoted by the symbol P and given by the following expression, $$\mathrm{Permeance, \, P=\frac{1}{Reluctance}\: \: \cdot \cdot \cdot \left ( 1 \right )}$$ Hence, the Permeance may also be defined as the reciprocal of magnetic reluctance. Where, magnetic reluctance is the measure of opposition that a magnetic material or a magnetic circuit offers in the path of ... Read More

What is Electricity – Generation, Transmission, Distribution, and Utilization

Manish Kumar Saini
Updated on 02-Nov-2022 06:44:05
Energy is required to perform many functions in day-to-day life. Energy exists in different forms in nature, but the most important form of energy is electrical energy (or electricity). As we can experience, electricity has become an integral part of our life because without electricity we cannot imagine our life. This article is meant for explaining the concept of electricity, its generation, transmission, distribution, and utilization. What is Electricity? Electricity is a form of energy that is a result of subatomic charged particles like electrons, protons, etc. Electricity is one of the major inventions that changed human civilization. In today’s ... Read More